The United States changes its strategy on Venezuela

Source:  Chamosaur

January 13 2020

By Francisco Herranz

As a result of the strong support of Russia and Cuba for Nicolás Maduro, and the division of the opposition groups, the US has modified its strategy towards Venezuela. It no longer shuffles the use of force among his plans. Now it only demands a negotiating process between the two opposing parties with the aim of renewing the Presidency and Parliament.

Although it occupies only three paragraphs, the statement of the US Department of State, released on January 9, clearly indicates an important change of course, not because of what it says but because of what it omits. It doesn’t say it has all the options on the table. Nor does it require the immediate or prior departure of Maduro as an essential condition to address the necessary changes. That represents a very remarkable circumstance in diplomatic and political terms.

The document, signed by the US Secretary of State, Michael R. Pompeo, argues that “a rapid negotiated transition to democracy is the most effective and sustainable route to peace and prosperity in Venezuela.” Pompeo adds that “the negotiations could open the path of the crisis through a transitional government that will organize free and fair elections.”

The Pompeo project sets a road map for the two elections to be held later this year. For this, it demands a new and independent National Electoral Commission, elected by the National Assembly (Parliament), as stipulated in the Constitution, to control the electoral process.

Two other requirements cited by Washington would be the renewal of the Supreme Court of Justice, the highest body of the Venezuelan judicial system, as well as unlimited access to media, telecommunications, internet and radio and television spaces of all candidates, parties and electorate. .

Pompeo wants elections open to all parties and candidates, which would apparently include the chavistas of the Unified Socialist Party of Venezuela (PSUV), but that is especially complicated because the four most important opposition formations are banned and their main leaders, disabled.
This is about:

First Unit, party of the former presidential candidate and former governor of Miranda, Henrique Capriles, sentenced to 15 years of disqualification for corruption by the Comptroller General of the Republic;
Voluntad Popular, the party led by Leopoldo López, currently host-refugee at the Spanish Embassy in Caracas;

  • A New Time;
  • Democratic Action

The first three are part of the main opposition coalition, Bureau of Democratic Unity (MUD).

The tactical change is very significant because for months the Trump administration insisted that “all options were on the table” in relation to the crisis in Venezuela. That meant that it included the military option, that is, a scenario with invasion of ground troops and special operations.

Does Venezuela have two National Assemblies?

At the beginning of last December, Pompeo himself showed that the US Executive no longer considered the possibility of sending the Marines, although he did not say so clearly. Instead of the military option, the Secretary of State then mentioned the economic sanctions decreed by the US against the Venezuelan oil industry.

The idea of ​​applying new sanctions is the one that takes more force and particularly against other politicians, for example, against Luis Parra, a First Justice deputy who went to the ruling party and proclaimed himself president of the National Assembly, unsuccessfully disallowing the leader of the Legislative, Juan Guaidó.

The United States had asked Maduro since January 2019 to leave the country, and in April of that year Pompeo had said, after a stifled military uprising, that the Venezuelan leader had a plane ready to flee to Cuba.

The sharp turn taken by the White House is the result of a serious failure of political calculation. The US special envoy for Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, acknowledged to the press that his country underestimated the support of Russia and Cuba for Maduro, which was ultimately a blunder. Moscow and Havana “are the two pillars of support for the regime and, without them, [Maduro] would not be in power,” said the veteran US diplomatic representative, who obviously feels “frustrated” by the current situation of the crisis that It crosses the Caribbean nation.

The United States sees what happened in 2019 and Maduro is still at the Miraflores Palace, and maybe it is looking to change his toolbox (sanctions, threats, blockades, diplomatic and political siege) for a new one that sets course towards a negotiated solution. Trump would like it to be this year to show it as an achievement for his re-election in November.

“Nor is it ruled out that he seeks to push Maduro toward the dilemma of making concessions or facing greater danger. Anyway, it seems that someone in Washington reread Kissinger, ”says an experienced Venezuelan journalist.

However, the negotiations that the State Department is talking about now sound like mere illusions, because the process of open dialogue through Norwegian mediators has been suspended for weeks. A couple of days ago, Guaido himself informed national and international public opinion that a commission from the Kingdom of Norway was arriving in Caracas, but added that they were not “going to participate in any meeting”, especially after the incidents occurred on January 5, when a group of soldiers and police prevented him from entering the National Assembly building to be re-elected one more year in office.

Who are the opponents of Guaidó and Maduro who are now key in Venezuela
After his vain attempt, Guaidó organized an unpublished session in the newspaper El Nacional, where he was ratified by 100 opposition deputies of the 167 that the Chamber has.

Another reason for the change of opinion of Pompeo would be the great political and personal differences between the Venezuelan opposition. They did not learn from the mistakes of yesteryear and their unity cracks. Guaidó, who has not achieved much in this last year as “president in charge” of Venezuela, is increasingly facing the radical sectors of the opposition that favor the use of military force to drive Maduro out of power.

The most famous clash against Guaidó has been starred by María Corina Machado. The media coordinator of the Vente Venezuela movement has already denounced that the leadership of the National Assembly is “infiltrated” and that it leads the country to “false dialogues” and “criminal cohabitations”. The uncompromising but popular María Corina Machado has declared, by active and passive, that Maduro “only yields to the force” and proposes an international joint action, while Guaidó considers, until now, that this path is meaningless, very dangerous and risky.

China Deal & Lithium Reserves Behind Coup in Bolivia

Source:  RT TV

November 12 2019

 

Deposed Bolivian President Evo Morales is more popular than the last six US presidents. So why did his reelection lead to violent riots and his eventual ousting? Rick Sanchez explains how Morales had spurned Western interests wishing to exploit his country’s lucrative lithium resources and turned to China instead. Coincidence? RT America’s Michele Greenstein joins with the details. She discusses the skyrocketing demand for lithium and points out that Bolivia is estimated to hold half of the world’s reserves.

Jimmy Carter Lectures Trump: US Is ‘Most Warlike Nation in History of the World’

Source:  TeleSUR
April 13 2019

jimmy carter 3Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter makes remarks at a luncheon following
a morning symposium for the 25th anniversary of the Camp David Peace
Accords between Israel and Egypt. | Photo: Reuters

 The former president says peaceful China “ahead of us in almost every way.”

The only U.S. president to complete his term without war, military attack or occupation has called the United States “the most warlike nation in the history of the world.”

RELATED:  US Marks Anniversary of Its Defeat at Bay of Pigs by Imposing New Sanctions Against Cuba

During his regular Sunday school lesson at Maranatha Baptist Church in his hometown of Plains, Georgia, Jimmy Carter revealed that he had recently spoken with President Donald Trump about China. Carter, 94, said Trump was worried about China’s growing economy and expressed concern that “China is getting ahead of us.”

Carter, who normalized diplomatic relations between Washington and Beijing in 1979, said he told Trump that much of China’s success was due to its peaceful foreign policy.

“Since 1979, do you know how many times China has been at war with anybody?” Carter asked. “None, and we have stayed at war.” While it is true that China’s last major war — an invasion of Vietnam — occurred in 1979, its People’s Liberation Army pounded border regions of Vietnam with artillery and its navy battled its Vietnamese counterpart in the 1980s. Since then, however, China has been at peace with its neighbors and the world.

Carter then said the U.S. has been at peace for only 16 of its 242 years as a nation. Counting wars, military attacks and military occupations, there have actually only been five years of peace in US history — 1976, the last year of the Gerald Ford administration and 1977-80, the entirety of Carter’s presidency. Carter then referred to the US as “the most warlike nation in the history of the world,” a result, he said, of the US forcing other countries to “adopt our American principles.”

China’s peace dividend has allowed and enhanced its economic growth, Carter said. “How many miles of high-speed railroad do we have in this country?” he asked. China has around 18,000 miles (29,000 km) of high speed rail lines while the US has “wasted, I think, $3 trillion” on military spending. According to a November 2018 study by Brown University’s Watson Institute of International and Public Affairs, the US has spent $5.9 trillion waging war in Iraq,

Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other nations since 2001.

“It’s more than you can imagine,” Carter said of U.S. war spending. “China has not wasted a single penny on war, and that’s why they’re ahead of us. In almost every way.”

“And I think the difference is if you take $3 trillion and put it in American infrastructure you’d probably have $2 trillion leftover,” Carter told his congregation. “We’d have high-speed railroad. We’d have bridges that aren’t collapsing, we’d have roads that are maintained properly. Our education system would be as good as that of say South Korea or Hong Kong.”

While there is a prevalent belief in the United States that the country almost always wages war for noble purposes and in defense of freedom, global public opinion and facts paint a very different picture. Most countries surveyed in a 2013 WIN/Gallup poll identified the United States as the greatest threat to world peace, and a 2017 Pew Research poll found that a record number of people in 30 surveyed nations viewed US power and influence as a “major threat.”

The U.S. has also invaded or bombed dozens of countries and supported nearly every single right-wing dictatorship in the world since the end of World War II. It has overthrown or attempted to overthrow dozens of foreign governments since 1949 and has actively sought to crush nearly every single people’s liberation movement over that same period. It has also meddled in scores of elections, in countries that are allies and adversaries alike.

Brett Wilkins is an independent journalist and activist based in San Francisco. His work, which covers issues of war and peace and human rights, is archived atwww.brettwilkins.com. 

UN: Venezuela’s Arreaza Calls US Aims the ‘Politics of Death’

Source:  TeleSUR
February 26 2019

areezaven for min.jpg

This is the second session of the Security Council held to discuss Venezuela and the United States’s push for military intervention.

Following a request from the United States, the United Nations Security Council is holding a session to discuss the state of Venezuela and its internal political situation.

RELATED:  Genocide Survivors Demand Elliott Abrams Leave Holocaust Committee Board

This is the second session of the Security Council held to discuss the political situation in Venezuela following a meeting on Jan. 26 in the U.S.

Representatives from the United States, France, United Kingdom, Russia, China, Poland, Peru, The Dominican Republic, Belgium, South Africa, Kuwait, Germany, Indonesia, and Venezuela spoke to the international delegation.

Despite the position held by some countries opposed to the Venezuelan Government, its representatives have reiterated the rejection of the use of force by U.S. authorities.

Foreign Minister Jorge Arreaza called the international aggression a threat to Venezuela’s sovereignty and the rights of a free people as well as a violation of the United Nations charter.

“Now is the time for us to return to sanity and respect international law and respect the Venezuelan constitution. We are waiting to see the members of the Venezuelan opposition. Mr. Guaido and whoever else- they will decide who will sit down with the constitutional government of Venezuela, then among Venezuelans, we can build our own solution. Without intervention, interference from anyone, much less the United States,” Arreaza said.

The Bolivarian official thanked the members of the Montevideo Mechanism for its support for peaceful dialogue and allowing the country to solve its differences domestically.

“We are prepared to sit down and to come up with solutions with Mr. Guaido and whoever else wishes to sit down with us, but they don’t wish to sit down with us. They say there is no time for dialogue, Mr. Maduro has to go, the regime has to change, there has to be an invasion in Venezuela. But there’s no call in this security council to say, ‘You have to sit down,’” the minister said.

Arreaza asked UN security council members to consider the fact that the United States is threatening to shoot migrants along its southern border and what would happen if Venezuela, Nicaragua, or Cuba- all countries which have been burdened with U.S. intervention- were to intervene, citing a “humanitarian crisis.”

#LIVE | Venezuela’s @jaarreaza at the UN: “What would the US do if Cuba and Nicaragua attempted to enter their country, to provide aid for the humanitarian crisis that is clearly taking place at the US border.”

“Venezuela is staying out of the internal affairs of the United States and the electoral campaign here… There’s a lot of hypocrisy and arrogance at play here. And this is what the UN security council should address.

“The security council is not here to make war, the Security Council is not here to establish conditions for others to make war, the council is not here to endorse violent breaches of the United Nations Charter, rather the security council is here to maintain international peace and security and to preserve future generations from the scourge of war… let’s save Venezuela and this generation because the threat of war is here today,” Arreaza said.

Arreaza’s arguments were supported by a number of countries, among them the Russian representative, who stated that “Washington’s sole aim was not resolving the problems of Venezuela, their aim is regime change via foreign intervention.”

#LIVE | Russia at the UN security council: “Washington’s sole aim was not resolving the problems of Venezuela, their aim is regime change via foreign intervention.”
China also joined in the chorus against intervention by saying that “We oppose using so-called humanitarian aid for political purposes to destabilize Venezuela and the wider region”

#LIVE | China at the security council: “We oppose using so-called humanitarian aid for political purposes to destabilize Venezuela and the wider region”

Why Is Venezuela a Key Geopolitical Target for The US?

Source:  TeleSUR
January 25 2019

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro denounced that the real objective of the United States behind imposing a new government in the South American nation is to appropriate the energy and mineral resources of this country.

Why Is Venezuela a Key Geopolitical Target for The US?

“They have the ambition for oil, gas and gold. We tell them: these riches are not yours, they are for the people of Venezuela and that’s how it will be forever,” Nicolas Maduro warned on Wednesday, Jan. 23, in the Venezuelan capital Caracas shortly after opposition lawmaker Juan Guaido illegally declared himself “interim president” and received support for his unconstitutional move from the U.S., Canada and other right-wing governments in the region.

RELATED:  Latin American Right-Wing Offensive: Interview With Axel Kicillof

A deeper look into the reasons behind such right-wing flood to support the parliamentary coup reveals that the objective behind such endorsement of an internationally illegal act is behind the publicly stated humanitarian reasons and in fact about robbing the country of its riches after two decades of progressive and sovereign policies by the Bolivarian government that limited Washington’s access to such resources.

Oil

According to the CIA World Factbook, as of Jan. 1, 2017, Venezuela had the largest proven oil reserve estimate of any country, including Saudi Arabia.

As of November 2017, the South American nation had 300,900,000,000 barrels of proven reserves in the “Hugo Chávez” Orinoco Oil Belt. After the inauguration of Nicolas Maduro for a second term, Donald Trump government began to consider expanding its sanctions on Venezuelan crude to add pressure against the constitutional president.

Oil analysts have indicated that the objective, beyond preventing the sale of oil to China, is to ensure a stable source of oil to serve the U.S. market that is increasing and that its own current production can not supply. On Jan. 16, the U.S. Department of Energy revealed that its reserves decreased by 2.7 million barrels, reaching 437.1 million.

In terms of proven gas reserves, Venezuela had 198.3 trillion cubic feet in 2017, according to the Ministry of Petroleum. The new proven reserves are distributed in 2.3 trillion cubic feet of the traditional areas of Maracaibo, Maturin, Barcelona, Cumana and Barinas, and 718.7 trillion that lie in the blocks of the Oil Belt.

Mining resources

Venezuela has denounced the international campaign promoted by the United States against the Mining Arc where the reserves of gold, diamonds and other minerals such as coltan are concentrated.

The campaign against the Mining Arc has sought to increase the levels of economic suffocation in Venezuela by presenting Venezuelan gold as a product of trafficking and corruption.

In 2018 Venezuela advanced in the certification of more than 30 gold fields in the country, with which it aimed to establish itself “as the second largest gold reserve on the planet”.

During  2018 and despite the sanctions, the South American nation received a 200 percent increase in its non-oil exports compared to 2017, mainly gold sold to Holland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United States, the United Kingdom and especially to Turkey. In the first months of 2018, Venezuela exported 23.62 tons of gold to the Eurasian nation, valued at US$900 million.

By representing an alternative to oil and one of the largest proven gold reserves in the world, the U.S. has renewed its interest in appropriating this mineral and obstructing the commercial exchange that Venezuela maintains with Russia and Turkey in the Mining Arc.

As President Nicolas Maduro denounced Wednesday, Washington’s real objective in Venezuela is to seize the immense natural and mineral resources of the South American nation.

Political Beacon in Latin America

In 1998, commander Hugo Chavez Frias had a pivotal electoral triumph that changed the fate of Latin America for around 20 years, from that time to this date, there have been up to 15 progressive democratically elected governments in the region.

Commander Chavez and Nicolas Maduro first as foreign affairs minister and then as president have been crucial in the integrationist efforts in Latin American, guided by the ideals of Simon Bolivar of a united continent. With the cooperation of other countries and presidents such as Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, Rafael Correa, Evo Morales, Nestor Kirchner, Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, Manuel Zelaya, Fernando Lugo, Daniel Ortega, Fidel Castro, Raul Castro, Venezuela pushed forward for the regional integration of the continent.

RELATED:  The Case for the Legitimacy of Maduro’s Second Term

During these years some bodies of regional integration bodies were created such as the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC), the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA), The Union of South American Nation (UNASUR), The Bank of the South, the News Network teleSUR, and the Southern Common Market to enforce South American trade bloc (MERCOSUR), all organizations that sought to create a more unified and independent Latin American and the Caribbean community.

From that moment a series of efforts began, in order to destabilize these governments. Soft coups against progressive presidents started, the first one against Chavez in 2002 which failed, then another against Honduras’ Manuel Zelaya in 2010, followed by a parliamentary maneuver against Paraguay’s Fernando Lugo, and partially ending with a parliamentary coup against Brazil’s Dilma Rousseff in 2016.

These processes have been defined as “lawfare”, such as the current legal wrangling against Lula, to which we can add the more recent ones against Rafael Correa and Jorge Glas in Ecuador and a very similar process against Cristina Kirshner in Argentina.

The domino effect rising of right-wing governments in Latin America, and defeating the “National Popular governments” continues in the region, and Venezuela is one of the last standing defenses, along with Bolivia, Nicaragua, Cuba, and El Salvador.

This is why a destabilization mediatic and a political and economic campaign has been unleashed against Venezuela, and all the “National Popular governments” of Latin America, for years. Defeating Venezuela, one of the first progressive countries and governments in the region, is so important for the U.S. and the local right-wing oligarchies. It would be a defeat to progressivism in the region.

The World Stands in Solidarity with the Venezuelan People

Source:  International 360
January 24 2019

 

https://gardenofknowledgemalta.files.wordpress.com/2019/01/mg_23021548282736-680x428.jpg?w=1000&h=

It is time to build a universal anti-imperialist movement. The time has come for a universal unity of genuine defenders of the physical and spiritual integrity of peoples who love freedom and justice. – Venezuela is America. Venezuela is the World.

Governments Reiterate Support to Venezuela’s Constitutional President

https://www.plenglish.com/images/2019/enero/24/y-apoyo-maduro.jpgCaracas, Jan 24 (Prensa Latina) Governments of several countries presented today their position of recognition to president of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, regarding actions of the right of that country and the United States to overthrow him and impose an illegitimate one.

In Mexico, president Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, reiterated his administration is committed to the Constitution and its four basic principles: non-intervention, self-determination of peoples, pacific solution of controversies and respect for human rights.

The Secretary of Foreign Relations said ‘Mexico will not be part of ignoring the government of a country with which it has diplomatic relations’.

Also, the head of State of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, expressed over phone his support to Maduro, after the self-proclamation of Venezuelan opposer, Juan Guaido as ‘president in charge’.

‘Brother Maduro! Stand tall, we are here!’. Turkey will maintain its principle stand against all attempts of low blows, assured Ibrahim Kalin, presidential spokesperson.

El Salvador‘s president, Salvador Sanchez Ceren, also through his Twitter account joined the international support to Nicolas Maduro and advocated for a peaceful solution to the situation the country is living.

Through a communiqué, his government expressed total support to Maduro, before the tense political situation facing this Latin American nation and said that the Republic of El Salvador absolutely disowned Juan Guaido and rejects his self-proclamation as president in charge of Venezuela.

Also, the Ministry of Foreign Relations of Syria, condemned this Thursday the ‘flagrant interference of the United States’ in the internal situation of Venezuela while he assured the actions of the United States constitute a violation of all norms and international laws’.

For his part, Prime Minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Ralph Gonsalves, reiterated his unlimited support to president Maduro.

‘Our position has been and is of unequivocal support to the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and its legitimate government’, he said.

Disrespectful of international law and of its principles, what reigns is the law of the jungle, said Gonsalves in an act of solidarity before the embassy of Venezuela in the Caribbean country. The eve, the head of State of Bolivia, Evo Morales, through his Twitter account, assured that the United States is only interested in Venezuela’s oil.

‘#U.S, does not fool anybody. It is not worried about defending democracy in #Venezuela, only in sacking its oil. To achieve this, as it did in #Irak and #Libya, it provokes conflict, destabilizes and intervenes militarily. Attempt against Venezuela is to attempt against #LatinAmerica’, he emphasized.

Morales alerted that the United States withdraws from the Middle East, after planting war and destruction, to transfer its policy of intervention and violence to Latin America.

‘Speaking of democracy and freedom, but promotes a bloody coup on the Venezuelan people. Interventionism will fail’, remarked the indigenous leader, who makes the United States responsible for promoting a coup d’état and brotherly war among Venezuelans.

Also the administration of Nicaragua spoke through a communique, in favor of Venezuelan democracy and respect to sovereignty before the new attempt of coup d’Etat.

‘The Great Homeland does not yield, it stands proud with the Love of its Peoples. No one surrenders here! Viva Venezuela! Viva Chávez! Viva Nicolás! Forward with Faith and Hope!’, said the text.

The Cuban President, Miguel Diaz-Canel ratified the invariable solidarity with the Maduro government and condemned ‘the attempt of imposing through a coup d’Etat, a servile government to the USA in the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela’.

Governments of several countries as Uruguay, Antigua and Barbuda, advocate for a peaceful solution of the crisis in Venezuela and the non-interference in domestic affairs.

China opposes interference in Venezuelan affairs

https://i0.wp.com/img2.chinadaily.com.cn/images/201901/25/5c4a173ba3106c65fff709b2.jpegChina on Thursday said it opposes outside interference in Venezuela’s internal affairs, calling upon all parties in the country to seek a political solution through peaceful dialogue within the nation’s constitutional framework.

Foreign ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying made the remarks after Venezuelan president, Nicolas Maduro, announced his decision to break diplomatic ties with the United States following the Trump administration’s recognition of opposition leader, Juan Guaido, as the South American country’s interim president.

China supports the efforts of the Venezuelan government to safeguard national sovereignty, independence and stability, the spokesperson said, calling for all parties in Venezuela to maintain calm.

The US and Venezuela are both important countries in the western hemisphere and enjoy close traditional relations, she said.

“We hope that Venezuela and the United States can respect and treat each other on an equal footing, and deal with their relations based on non-interference in each other’s internal affairs,” she said, adding that it is in line with the interests of both countries and their people, and will help safeguard peace and stability in the American region.

Hua said China opposes “external intervention in Venezuela”. China hopes the international community will jointly create favorable conditions to prevent this, she added.

Outside sanctions and intervention will complicate the situation and would not be helpful resolving the actual problems, she said.

Russia, China Caution US Against A Venezuelan Coup

Source: TeleSUR

January 24 2019

maduro jan 2019Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro promises to fight to preserve the
sovereignty of the Bolivarian Republic. | Photo: Reuters file

Russia says the “duality of powers, intentional and, obviously, well thought out” in the Latin American country “is a direct path to chaos and the destruction of the foundations of the Venezuelan State.”

Thursday Moscow and Beijing issued statements in support of Venezuela against U.S. meddling with the sovereignty of the Bolivarian Republic through military interference, which includes a planned coup d’état.

RELATED: New Coup Attempt In Venezuela Led by Juan Guaido

The Russian ministry says “only Venezuelans have the right to determine their future,” and that “destructive external intervention is unacceptable,” citing a catastrophic outcome, the Interfax news agency reported.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia indicated that the United States’ intention to interfere with Venezuela was unsurprising, further noting that “the swearing in of a ‘president in charge of Venezuela’ opposition, and its immediate recognition in that capacity by the U.S. and several regional states, aims to increase the division in Venezuela, incite violence and essentially seeks to destabilize the internal political situation and further escalate conflict.”

Russia made the remarks following President of the National Assembly Juan Guaido – with the support of the United States, Canada and some Latin American neighbors – unconstitutionally declaring himself president of the state of Venezuela Wednesday.

The Russian Foreign Ministry stated that the “duality of powers, intentional and, obviously, well thought out” in the Latin American country “is a direct path to chaos and the destruction of the foundations of the Venezuelan State.”

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has promised to fight against the push of U.S. and its allies, aiming to preserve the Bolivarian Republic even severing diplomatic and political relations with Washington.

China

Meanwhile, China also declared full support for the Venezuelan government, sternly rejecting the “intrusion in internal affairs” of the country by the United States, who backs illegitimate self-proclaimed interim president Juan Guaido.

“China supports the efforts of the Government of Venezuela to maintain its sovereignty, independence and stability,” Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying remarked in a press conference.

The Chinese official express opposition to all external interference and recommends a peaceful resolution within the framework of Venezuela’s Constitution.

“We hope that all parties will oppose any external interference in the internal affairs of Venezuela, the complication of the situation will not contribute to the maintenance of stability,” Hua said to TASS.

“We always follow the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries, we oppose foreign interference in the internal affairs of Venezuela and we hope that the international community will also follow this principle.”