Haiti 101 Years After US Invasion, Still Resisting Domination

Source:  TeleSUR
By: Justin Podur

The U.S. presidential candidates can be looked at from the perspective of Haiti. One candidate has an extensive record there. The other has some historical parallels.

demonstrators march in haiti jan 2016.jpgDemonstrators march during a protest in Port-au-Prince, January 2016. | Photo: AFP

The U.S. invaded and occupied Haiti 101 years ago today, and remained there for 19 years. Accomplishments of the occupation include raiding the Haitian National Bank, re-instituting slave labor, establishing the hated National Guard, and getting a 25-year contract for the U.S. corporation, United Fruit.

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There was a pretext for the invasion—the assassination of Haiti’s president in 1915. But to understand the event, which has lessons to draw from a century later, it is necessary to look more closely at the invader than the invaded.

The U.S. is still the determining voice in Haiti’s politics and economy

In 2016, the United States is living through a presidential campaign with a candidate willing to exploit racism and pander to anti-immigrant sentiment. Police are killing Black people in cities across the U.S.

Having drawn down troop levels in its two big wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. still runs airsrikes and drone strikes in the region and covert actions all over the world. The U.S. is still the determining voice in Haiti’s politics and economy. In other words, 101 years after its invasion of Haiti, the U.S. retains two features: violent racial inequality and empire.

The U.S. presidential candidates can be looked at from the perspective of Haiti. One candidate has an extensive record there. The other has some historical parallels.

The Clintons have treated Haiti as a family business

The Clintons have treated Haiti as a family business. In 2010, after an earthquake devastated the country, the Clinton Foundation was among the horde of non-governmental organizations that stepped up their role in the, still unfinished, rebuilding phase. Haiti’s social sector had already been taken over by NGOs and its streets—since the 2004 U.S.-led coup and occupation—were patrolled by United Nations troops.

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The Clinton Foundation received pledges of hundreds of millions of dollars in development aid to rebuild Haiti. The crown jewel of the Foundation’s work: the disappointing Caracol Industrial Park, opened in 2012, which promised and failed to expand Haiti’s low-wage garment-processing industry, long a source of foreign profits and little internal development.

Hillary Clinton’s interventions

Hillary Clinton made her own interventions into Haitian politics as secretary of state. At a key moment in Haiti post-earthquake politics, Clinton’s state department threw its weight behind presidential candidate Michel Martelly.

His electoral legitimacy was dubious and his presidency led the country to a constitutional crisis when people mobilized against another stolen election in 2015. That crisis is still ongoing, and will no doubt provide pretexts for the next U.S. intervention.

Woodrow Wilson

To try to imagine the impact of Trump on Haiti, one need only look back a century. As Trump continues his seemingly unstoppable march to the White House, he is compared to Italy’s Silvio Berlusconi and other populist buffoon-politicians. Woodrow Wilson, the invader of Haiti in 1915, may be a better example of the damage a president can.

When Woodrow Wilson became president, he set about doing what today would be called “Making America Great Again.” Decades had passed since the U.S. Civil War. The post-war Reconstruction involved efforts to desegregate cities and government workplaces and make a place for newly-freed Black people.

Strengthening racial apartheid in the U.S.

Wilson reversed these efforts, strengthening racial apartheid in the U.S. His administration made sure there were separate bathrooms in federal government offices.

Although Trump is unlikely to re-introduce segregation, something else happened under Woodrow Wilson’s rule that is relevant in this context: white vigilante violence and lynchings spiked.

Wilson created a permissive environment for such atrocities. First elected in 1912, Wilson only got around to making a statement against organized white violence—called “mob violence” or “race riots”—in mid-1917.

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When more riots broke out in 1919, this time designed to suppress the democratic impulses of Black soldiers returning from WWI, the NAACP implored Wilson to make a a statement. But it was Wilson, himself, who had restricted Black soldiers to non-combat roles during the war.

In foreign policy, Donald Trump’s pronouncements have been predictably incoherent and uninformed. But Woodrow Wilson’s presidency suggests that domestic policies of racism will not be confined to the domestic arena.

Wilson sent U.S. troops all over Latin America

Wilson sent U.S. troops all over Latin America—Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Cuba, Panama, Nicaragua and of course, Haiti—which may have gotten the worst of it all. Racist wrath has been a constant in Haiti’s history since it won its independence in a slave revolt, and Wilson unleashed that wrath on the island during the 1915-1934 occupation. Chomsky’s “Year 501″ gives a flavor for what U.S. occupiers were thinking and doing:

“Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, found the Haitian elite rather amusing: ‘Dear me, think of it, Niggers speaking French,'” he remarked. The effective ruler of Haiti, Marine Colonel L.W.T. Waller, who arrived fresh from appalling atrocities in the conquest of the Philippines, was not amused: “they are real nigger and no mistake … real nigs beneath the surface,” he said, rejecting any negotiations or other “bowing and scraping to these coons,” particularly the educated Haitians for whom this bloodthirsty lout had a special hatred.

Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Delano Roosevelt, while never approaching the racist fanaticism and thuggery of his distant relative Theodore Roosevelt, shared the feelings of his colleagues. On a visit to occupied Haiti in 1917, he recorded in his diary a comment by his traveling companion, who later became the Occupation’s leading civilian official.

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$1,500 at auction in New Orleans in 1860

Fascinated by the Haitian Minister of Agriculture, he “couldn’t help saying to myself,” he told FDR, “that man would have brought $1,500 at auction in New Orleans in 1860 for stud purposes.”

“‘Roosevelt appears to have relished the story,” (Hans) Schmidt notes, “and retold it to American Minister Norman Armour when he visited Haiti as President in 1934.”

Chomsky conclude this section of horrifically racist quotes from the U.S. elite about Haiti with a warning, “The element of racism in policy formation should not be discounted, to the present day.”

Nor should Haitian resistance.

Charlemagne Peralte

Charlemagne Peralte Haiti.jpgThe U.S. occupation of 1915-1934 faced a rebellion led by Charlemagne Peralte. Marines assassinated him and circulated a photograph of him crucified. Rather than intimidating Haitians, the photo enraged them and cemented Charlemagne Peralte’s place as a national hero.

If Haitians had a say in the U.S. presidential election, a case could be made for the devil-you-know of Clinton rather than the risk of a new Woodrow Wilson in Trump. But subjects of the empire can’t vote, only citizens. The U.S. tried to set the tone of master 101 years ago.

But people still resist.

Cornel West: Why I Endorse Green Party’s Jill Stern over Hillary Clinton

Source:  Democracy Now
July 18 2016

TRANSCRIPT

This is a rush transcript. Copy may not be in its final form.

AMY GOODMAN: You are endorsing Dr. Jill Stein. You were a surrogate for Bernie Sanders. You spoke all over the country for him.

CORNEL WEST: Yes, yes, yes.

AMY GOODMAN: What made you decide to support the Green Party presidential candidate as opposed to Hillary Clinton?

CORNEL WEST: Well, I’ve never been tied to one party or one candidate or even one institution. And that’s true even with one church as a Christian. I’m committed to truth and justice. And Brother Bernie, no doubt, was the standard-bearer for truth and justice during the primary at a national level, at a highly visible level. Once he endorsed Hillary Clinton, who, for me, is a neoliberal disaster, it was clear—

AMY GOODMAN: What do mean by that?

CORNEL WEST: A neoliberal disaster is one who generates a mass incarceration regime, who deregulates banks and markets, who promotes chaos of regime change in Libya, supports military coups in Honduras, undermines some of the magnificent efforts in Haiti of working people, and so forth. That’s the record of Hillary Clinton. So there was no way—when my dear brother, who I love very deeply, Bernie Sanders said she will make an outstanding president, I said, “Oh, I disagree with my brother. I think she’ll—I don’t think she’ll make an outstanding president at all.” She’s a militarist. She’s a hawk. She could take us into war with Russia. She could take us into war with Iran. So, I mean, I think she’s—she’s dangerous in terms of her neoliberal ideology—not as a woman, because I’m supporting, of course, my dear sister Jill Stein.

I think after a magnificent campaign of Bernie Sanders, the next step is a green step. The next step is a progressive step. And when you’re calling for reparations, you’re calling for the release of prisoners who have been historically unfairly treated, especially tied to nonviolent crimes, and then saying they should vote and that vote should never be taken away, when you’re calling—putting people and planet and peace before profits, Sister Jill Stein, for me, is somebody that’s worth fighting for. And she’s not a spoiler. You know, a lot of people use that term “spoiler.” If Hillary Clinton can’t make the case to progressives, she doesn’t deserve our vote.

Now, Trump is a neofascist in the making. There’s no doubt about that.

AMY GOODMAN: Donald Trump.

CORNEL WEST: Yeah. Oh, there’s no doubt about that. But the thing is, is that you can’t just be a non-Trump and deserve one’s vote. If Hillary Clinton wants the vote of progressives, she better be real about it. But I don’t think she has the capacity to be real about it. She’s so tied to Wall Street. She’s so tied to the corporate elite.

AMY GOODMAN: Why do you say he’s a neofascist, Donald Trump, the—

CORNEL WEST: Because neofascism in the United States takes the form of big money, big banks, big corporations, tied to xenophobic scapegoating of the vulnerable, like Mexicans and Muslims and women and black folk, and militaristic policies abroad, with strongman, charismatic, autocratic personality, and that’s what Donald Trump is.

And we should know. This is why I salute you, my dear sister. Corporate media has played a fundamental role in the making of Donald Trump—$2 billion free time. They made big profits. They put their profits ahead of the public interest. They covered every speech, every word in Twitter for the last 14 months, just to make big money. Even this convention, even this—they can’t wait. They’re salivating for the profits. And what do they do? They throw out this mediocre, dumbed-down xenophobic-speaking brother, who—I mean, he’s a human being like anybody else, so, I mean, you know, he’s made in the image of God, in terms of my own Christian faith and so forth, but he’s a neofascist in the making. And corporate media is going to have to acknowledge the tremendous responsibility they have of making sure Donald Trump was center stage. If Bernie Sanders had received one-half of that kind of attention, we’d be in a very different place. If they would put more stress on what Jill Stein is saying, the unbelievable fairness, subtlety of analysis, moral passion of Sister Jill—corporate media won’t touch her with a 10-foot pole, for the most part. But it’s changing. It’s going to change.

AMY GOODMAN: What does Dr. Jill Stein represent? What—why are you drawn to the Green Party platform, now that Bernie Sanders has conceded?

CORNEL WEST: Well, one, in the language of Coltrane, she’s a major force for good, accenting the role of poor and working people being center stage. She’s green in terms of trying to save the planet in the face of corporate greed. She’s fundamentally concerned with issues of racial justice, legacies of white supremacy as well as male supremacy. She’s concerned about empowering working people. She opposes TPP, trying to make sure we don’t have the corporate reshaping of the world economy—the kind of policies, of course, Democratic Party has supported, President Obama has supported. It’s hard to find somebody at the national level who provides a certain kind of hope, given the unbelievable spiritual decline and moral decay. And by spiritual decline and moral decay, I mean greed and indifference and contempt in the driver seat among our elites vis-à-vis all working people and poor people. It’s just sad to see so many fellow working people and fellow citizens supporting a pseudo-populist and neofascist like Donald Trump. They’re in pain. The pain is very real, but they’re moving in a right-wing direction.

AMY GOODMAN: What happened with the Democratic platform? You were one of the people on the committee. A lot of people don’t know how this stuff is made, how the sausage is made. Explain what happened. What did you win? What did you lose?

CORNEL WEST: Well, I was blessed to be put on the committee by Brother Bernie Sanders. We had wonderful deliberations. Brother Elijah Cummings was very fair. He was the chairperson. But we lost TPP. We lost Medicare for all. We lost, of course, Israeli occupation and Israeli settlements included within the platform, keeping track while precious Palestinian brothers and sisters—

AMY GOODMAN: What about them? You lost—what do you mean, you lost them?

CORNEL WEST: We lost them, in that we made the case, and we lost the vote.

AMY GOODMAN: What were you looking for?

CORNEL WEST: We were looking to include them within the platform, so at least it was on paper. Now, of course, putting it on paper is different than putting it in practice. A declaration is different from the execution. But we lost over and over again, because the Clinton people lined up and voted against it. That’s why I, of course, abstained, initially, at the move from writing the draft, and then we took it to the platform committee in Orlando. I was also a member of the platform committee. And I had to abstain again, because—even though they didn’t allow for abstention; it was just no or yes. But there’s no way, based on moral grounds, those based on my own moral conscience, that I could support that platform.

And once my dear brother moved into his endorsement, his strong endorsement of the neoliberal disaster that Sister Hillary represents, there was no way that I could stay with Bernie Sanders any longer, had to break with the two-party system. The duopoly has to come to an end. I was hoping we could bring the neoliberal era to a close, because a year ago, populist, Bernie Sanders; neofascist with Trump, or neoliberalism limps on with Hillary Clinton. Right now the Democratic Party still run by big corporations, big lobbyists and so forth, from AIPAC to a host of other lobbyists of big money, and it looks like they want to hold on for dear life. And it’s a sad thing to see, because the country is having a nervous breakdown. And you just hope that there can be enough people with compassion and courage to hold onto justice, keep the legacy of Martin Luther King Jr. and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel and Edward Said and Dorothy Day alive.

AMY GOODMAN: Finally, when you look at what Donald Trump is calling for—the wall on the border with Mexico, banning Muslims from coming in—barring Muslims from coming into the country, hesitating to disavow the support of the white supremacist David Duke and other issues—for those who say it’s only Hillary Clinton who could defeat that, what is your response?

CORNEL WEST: My response is, and when you actually look at the mass incarceration policies, when you actually look at the reinforcement of the new Jim Crow and the segregation of our educational systems and so forth, that occurred under Democrats. It would persist under Hillary Clinton. What Donald Trump talks about in the abstract has actually been concretely enacted under neoliberal regimes of the Democratic Party.

Same would be true in terms of foreign policy. Foreign policy, for me, is very, very important in terms of the no-fly zones in Syria that can lead toward war, the kind of encirclement of Russia. I mean, can you imagine Russian troops in Mexico and Canada? What would the U.S. response be? Oh, my god. Well, that’s very much whatNATO troops are vis-à-vis Russia. Now, we know Russia is run by autocratic Putin, but that kind of provocation for Russia, who has nuclear arms, is the kind of thing that Hillary Clinton, of course, supported. And her connection to the Robert Kagans and Henry Kissingers, of course, are just frightening in regard to militaristic orientations.

And so, this idea that somehow we’ve got to opt for a neoliberal disaster as the only option vis-à-vis the neofascist catastrophe, as a blues man, I appreciate you playing that blues, said I can deal with catastrophe, not by panicking and being driven by fear, but I can look the catastrophe in the face and still tell the truth and still go down swinging with a smile and, most importantly, love, Coltrane’s love—and for me, Jesus’s love—at the center of how we proceed.

AMY GOODMAN: We’re going to leave it there, but we’ll be talking to you through the week, Dr. Cornel West, professor at Union Theological Seminary. He endorsed Bernie Sanders for president last summer and was appointed by Sanders to serve on the Democratic platform committee, author of a number of books, most recently Black Prophetic Fire, now is endorsing Dr. Jill Stein, Green Party presidential candidate.

This is Democracy Now! When we come back, we go to Istanbul and stay right here to talk about the attempted coup over the weekend. Stay with us.

 

History of Africa Would Be Incomplete Without Mentioning Fidel Castro

Source:  Prensa Latina
July 29 2016

history of africaThe story of Africa cannot be written today without mentioning the name of Fidel Castro and the contribution of Cubans to the liberation of the continent, South African activist, Clever Banganayi has said.

The liberation of Namibia and South Africa

In an interview with Prensa Latina, in which he detailed the activities planned to celebrate the 90th birthday of the Cuban leader, on August 13th, the deputy general secretary of the Association of Friends of Cuba in South Africa (Focus), said that Fidel and Cuba had done a lot for Africans.

He recalled Fidel’s contribution as a strategist for achieving victory in the war in Angola that led to the liberation of Namibia and South Africa.

A beautiful exhibition of 90 photos of Fidel

fidel 25.jpg“We have started with a beautiful exhibition of 90 photos of Fidel, we want many South Africans to appreciate them,” he said.

Students from 50 to 100 schools in Pretoria will see the exhibition in the Freedom Park’s monument Art Gallery from July 25th, although the official opening will be on August 5th.

Banganayi, a graduate in the Caribbean nation, referred to the symbolism of presenting the exhibition at the Freedom Park monument.

Some 2,000 Cubans gave their lives for the independence of Africa

The names of more than 2,000 Cubans who gave their lives for the independence of Africa and the world have been included in the Wall of Remembrance at the monument.

The exhibition “Fidel Castro at 90: Rarely Seen Photographs of the Cuban Leader” are exclusive images taken by photo reporters from the Latin American News Agency, Prensa Latina.

The celebration of the leader’s birthday is within the context of 20 years of the beginning of the collaboration between Cuba and South Africa. This project materialized thanks to the idea and vision of Fidel Castro and Nelson Mandela

Telling Lies – Jamaican artist Elad

July 28 2016

Yu network tell so much lie, it come in  like the real

Elad ina the building, Babylon a get burning

Say dutty Babylon you will be burning

Falling like wall a Berlin

The legacy you stole

You will be returning, one day

Cause you see,  you neva practice, what you preach

telling lies 2Telling lies cause deceit,

You be telling lies, cause deceit is your game

Murder in God’s name,

Murdering in God’s name

Fire pan Babylon

Six million dead ina Congo-land

congo holocaust

Pan the story you put a media ban

Cause Black lives no matter ina your programme,

That’s so appalling

Me sey yu network tell so much lie, it come in  like the real

Turn Libya ina battlefield

Vehicles belonging to forces loyal to Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi explode after an air strike by coalition forces, along a road between Benghazi and Ajdabiyah

Libya – from Africa’s wealthiest nation to a battlefield

Syria suffering can’t find a meal ina the morning

Children starving

Say In God You Trust but that’s a lie

Iraq still a suffer Afghanistan a cry

While you a spend millions put drones ina the sky

Fi more bombing

Babylon tell so much lie come in like the truth

Build up your army fi try stray the youth

Every day you a search fi a new recruit

Fi do you warring

But dutty Babylon you will be burning

Falling like wall a Berlin

The legacy you stole

You will be returning, one day

Cause you see, you neva practice, what you preach

Telling lies, cause deceit,

You be telling lies, cause deceit is your game

Murder in God’s name,

Murdering in God’s name

Murdering in God’s name

american indians 2Them use smallpox kill the Red Indians

Thief way the land from the Mexicans

Rob the Aztec and the Mayans

Left them bawling; without a warning

Stole Africans from the motherland

Bring we forward to the Caribbean

plantation slaverySlave we aff pan the plantation

Fi cane farming,(Babylon yu falling)

Say we came here before Columbus

Him no discover nowhey, yu presumpsous

Is a murderer you waan present us, as a darling

(Fire a go scald him)

But dutty Babylon you will be burning

Falling like wall a Berlin

The legacy you stole

You will be returning, one day

Cause you see, you neva practice, what you preach

Telling lies cause deceit,

You be telling lies, cause deceit is your game

Murder in God’s name,

Murdering in God’s name

(Fire pan Babylon)

sandra blandWell me say Black Lives Matter and that’s no chatter

Them kill Sandra Bland a lef her a hang

Well  Black Lives Matter and that’s no chatter

So cool and satta mek we bun Babylon

Six million dead ina Congo-land

Pan the story you put a media ban

Cause Black life no matter in your programme,

That’s so appalling

Me sey yu network tell so much lie it come in  like the real

Turn Libya ina battlefield

Syria suffering can’t find a meal ina the morning

Children starving

Say In God You Trust but that’s a lie

Iraq still a suffer Afghanistan a cry

While you a spend millions put drones ina the sky

Fi more bombing

Babylon tell so much lie, come in like the truth

Build up your army, fi try stray the youth

Every day you a search fi a new recruit

Fi do you warring

But dutty Babylon you will be burning

Falling like wall a Berlin

The legacy you stole

You will be returning, one day

Cause you see, you neva practice, what you preach

Telling lies cause deceit,

You be telling lies cause deceit is your game

Murder in God’s name,

Murdering in God’s name

Murdering in God’s name

(Fire pan Babylon)

elad 15.jpg

 

Cuba: Multimedia, audiovisuals, e-books for sale online

Source:  Granma
July 27 2016

by: Mireya Castañeda | internet@granma.cu

Documentary filmmaker Estela Bravo’s Fidel, la historia no contada included in the site’s catalogue

Below:  Cover for Estela Bravo’s Fidel, la historia no contada (Fidel: The Untold Story).

cuba multimedia, ebooks sales online.jpg

 

CUBA’S Information Technology and Advanced Electronic Services Enterprise, Citamel, has recently announced the addition of nine new audiovisuals to its multimedia products catalogue of CDs, DVDs, audiobooks, e-books and downloadable documents, available for sale on it internet website, Bazar Cuba.

This electronic sales outlet allows for the acquisition of a great variety of Cuban products via the Internet, and its multimedia offerings, grouped in eight thematic categories, have been very well-received, according to the company.

The publishing house (www.editorialcitmatel.com) is an offshoot of the enterprise Citamel, founded in 1999 and affiliated with the Ministry of Science, Technology, and Environment.

e-books

Among the new products added recently are the e-books Todo de Cuba, an encyclopedia with information on Cuba’s culture, music, history, sports, religions, and more; as well as Cocina cubana, cinco siglos de tradición, with more than 500 recipes.

The catalogue section on History & Culture offers visitors some 60 materials, including titles such as Recorra Cuba, and the e-books Capablanca, el reyUn paraíso en el Caribe; and Sitios de buceo.

Of special interest in this section are works devoted to the historic leader of the Cuban Revolution Fidel Castro, among them the audiovisuals Fidel es Fidel, by Roberto Chile and Fidel la historia no contada, by documentary filmmaker Estela Bravo.

Fidel’s untold story and other works

Estela Bravo has lived in Havana for 40 years with her husband Ernest Bravo, an accomplished Argentine biochemist. Available on the website are several works from her filmography of some 50 documentaries, among them Operación Peter Pan – which tells the true story of a 1962-63 CIA operation to encourage Cuban parents to send their children unaccompanied to the U.S. – and ¿Quién soy yo?, about the disappearance of babies born to mothers imprisoned during the last Argentine dictatorship.

One of Estela Bravo’s classics is precisely Fidel, la historia no contada (Fidel: The Untold Story),which she herself has explained, began in 1996, when she began gathering materials for the project, culminating in the film’s 2001 premiere.

The filmmaker was able to get original interviews with Fidel and a great number of archived materials, which allow viewers to see the Comandante in an intimate light – swimming with his bodyguards, visiting the home of his birth, a relaxed conversation with Nelson Mandela, and celebrating his August 13th birthday with the famous Buena Vista Social Club.

Family members, and close friends

To develop the storyline, Elsa enlists family members, and close friends like Gabriel García Márquez, and figures such as Alice Walker, Sydney Pollack, Ted Turner, Muhammed Ali, Harry Belafonte, and Ramsey Clark.

In 91 minutes, Estela Bravo manages to surprise with this look at the more personal, little known side of Fidel’s life. She commented that after finishing

Fidel, la historia no contada she still had a great deal of unpublished material and was afraid that it be lost due to the humidity and its delicate formats.

Three exceptional documentaries

The solution? Another three exceptional documentaries: Fidel y MandelaAnécdotas de Fidel,and Conversando con García Márquez sobre su amigo Fidel. All contain testimony of incalculable value, enriched with the inclusion of unpublished photos and singular sequences.

A quick look at Bazar Cuba online allows users to access a variety of Cuban cultural products, especially high-quality audiovisuals like Estela Bravo’s Fidel la historia no contada.

Cuba honors Fidel Castro on National Rebellion Day

July 26 2016

cuba honours Fidel.jpg

Cuba celebrates Tuesday its National Rebellion Day, one of the most important events on the country’s revolutionary calendar, with massive festivities in the central Cuban city of Sancti Spiritus honoring the ex-president and “historic leader of the revolution,” Fidel Castro, as his 90th birthday approaches.

Cuban President Raul Castro, wearing his military uniform, presided over the ceremony, which recalls the failed attack on the Moncada Barracks 63 years ago, and at which he was accompanied by top government and Communist Party (PCC) leaders, including the party’s No. 2 official, Jose Ramon Machado Ventura.

Machado Ventura, who gave the main speech of the occasion, began by sending “on this day of such special significance” the “warmest greetings to comrade Fidel Castro, historic leader of the revolution, as he nears his 90th birthday,” to which the public responded with cries of “Viva Fidel!”

Commitment to remain faithful

The PCC’s second secretary also assured Cuba’s revolutionary leader of the Cuban people’s “commitment to remain faithful to the ideas you fought for all your life,” and said they “will always keep alive the spirit of resistance, dialectical thinking and faith in victory that you instilled in us with your example.”

He also recalled the speech Fidel gave in the same Serafin Sanchez Plaza in Sancti Spiritus during the celebration on July 26, 1986, when the revolutionary leader who will turn 90 next Aug.13 called on Cubans to consider work the basis of prosperity.

Tuesday’s political and cultural event included music and dance performances and was attended by combatants of the rebel army and participants in the failed attack of July 26, together with members of international brigades expressing their solidarity with Cuba.

First armed action

Cuba’s National Rebellion Day celebrates the first armed action led by Fidel Castro, on July 26, 1953, against the Fulgencio Batista regime, when he attacked the Moncada Barracks in Santiago de Cuba.

Though the attack failed and the rebels were either killed or captured, the date is officially regarded as the beginning of the revolution that brought Fidel Castro to power on Jan. 1, 1959, and is celebrated with massive political events, at which the nation’s president is usually the principal speaker.

fidel 21frank pais 5

Photos:  Fidel (L); Frank Pais (R)

But since he took office in 2006 to substitute his brother Fidel, who stepped down because of illness, Raul Castro, 85, has delegated that responsibility to others on several occasions over the past few years.

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Cuba: Promising prospects for the treatment of cerebral ischemia

Source:  Granma
July 28 2016

by: Orfilio Peláez | orfilio@granma.cu

Promising research results

The discovery of the neuro-protective qualities of a new molecule called JM-20, opens up promising prospects for the treatment of cerebral ischemia

promising search results

A new molecule called JM-20 opens up promising prospects for the treatment of cerebral ischemia. Photo:Prensa Latina

Cuban researchers have discovered pharmacological evidence of the neuro-protective qualities of a new molecule called JM-20, opening up promising prospects for the treatment of cerebral ischemia, a serious global health problem.

Next phase of clinical trials on humans

This discovery now means that the next phase of clinical trials on humans can take place. If successful and the neuro-protective qualities of JM-20 are proven, this could lead to the creation of the first product with effective therapeutic properties to treat the condition and its associated effects. The molecule and its derivatives are protected under a 100% national patent.

Scientific entities involved in the study include the Medicines Development and Research Center’s (Cidem) Neuro-Protection Laboratory; the Research Center for Biological Investigations and Evaluations; the University of Havana’s (UH) Pharmacy and Food Institute; Organic Synthesis Laboratory at the UH’s Chemistry Faculty; Institute of Basic Sciences’ Biology department at Brazil’s Río Grande del Sur Federal University; and Cidem’s Histology Laboratory.

Winner of the 2015 Academy of Sciences of Cuba National Prize

Winner of the 2015 Academy of Sciences of Cuba National Prize in the category of Biomedical Sciences, the study has also received a Special Award from Citma for the most important scientific result.