Latin America Celebrates Centenary of Russian Revolution

Source: TeleSUR
November 7 2017

venezuelans gather for October revolution 100th.pngVenezuelans gather to celebrate the 100 years of the October Revolution.
| Photo: Twitter / PartidoPSUV

Bolivian President Evo Morales congratulated the Russian people on the 100th anniversary of their revolution.

Thousands across Latin America are mobilizing and celebrating the centennial anniversary of the Russian Revolution with various events throughout the region.

RELATED:   China and Russia: Digging the US Dollar’s Grave

In Venezuela, workers are marching from Caracas’ Autonomous National Telephone Company to the Miraflores Presidential Palace.

“We, as revolutionaries and socialist, join in this global commemoration,” said Freddy Bernal, a member of the National Directorate of the United Socialist Party of Venezuela, who called for the mobilization.

In Peru, the Communist Party is hosting an event at the Auditorium of the Telephone Workers’ Union of Peru to celebrate the Russian Revolution. A series of events are also being held in Uruguay.

Meanwhile in Bolivia, President Evo Morales congratulated the Russian people on the 100th anniversary of their revolution, describing it as an example in the fight against tyranny and inequality.

“The Russian Revolution triumphed on this day, one hundred years ago. United, peasants and workers managed to form the first socialist state in the world,” Morales posted on his Twitter account.

The Bolivian government is slated to host an international meeting titled “A 100 years of the Russian Revolution,” in which its influence on left-wing movements in Latin America will be analyzed. Bolivia’s Vice-President, Alvaro Garcia Linera, is also scheduled to give a keynote address at the Central Bank auditorium in La Paz for the occasion.

Other events are taking place until Thursday in Peru, Chile, Brazil and elsewhere in Latin America.

Russia’s October Socialist Revolution took place on Oct. 25, 1917, according to the Julian calendar, or on Nov. 7, according to the Gregorian.

It was the second phase of the 1917 Revolution, which was preceded by a mass women’s protest as they took to Nevsky Prospekt, the main avenue of the former Russian capital of Petrograd, to protest their immiseration. Within three or four days, the Tsarist monarchy was vanquished

The new Bolivia continues to advance with Evo Morales

Source:  Granma
October 18, 2017

by: Joaquín Rivery Tur |

Over a decade ago, when the government of Evo Morales took office in Bolivia, only 40,000 Bolivians received gas at home. Today, 3.5 million have access to the service where they  live.

evo morales oct 2017.jpgPresident Evo Morales has served the country for 11 years, despite fierce
opposition from the local oligarchy and the U.S. 

Over a decade ago, when the government of Evo Morales took office in Bolivia, only 40,000 Bolivians received gas at home. Today, 3.5 million have access to the service where they live.

The nationalization of the hydrocarbon industry in 2006 resulted in economic progress for Bolivia. It allowed the country to multiply national gas export revenues from two billion dollars in 2005, to 31.5 billion dollars in 2016.

The local oligarchy conspired with the U.S. embassy in the Andean nation to overthrow the Movement Toward Socialism (MAS) led government, but failed.

The Bolivian government was forced to expel the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), and the U.S. ambassador, for their interference in the country’s internal affairs.

According to studies, especially those carried out by Canadian firm GLJ Consultants, its is estimated that in the next five years Bolivia’s proven natural gas reserves will increase to 17.45 trillion cubic feet, and production levels will be at a minimum of 73 million cubic meters per day.

Bolivia at the forefront of regional economic growth

The United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) places Bolivia at the forefront of regional economic growth in its latest report. In 2016, Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth was 4.3%, while the Ministry of Economy has forecast 4.7% growth for this year.

One of the most important projects underway in the country is the construction of the first polypropylene and propylene plant, to be established in the province of Gran Chaco, located in southern Bolivia, indicative of the industrialization and diversification of the national economy, alongside lithium industry projects.

The President of the state-owned oil company Yacimientos Petrolíferos Fiscales Bolivianos (YPFB), Guillermo Achá, explained that the polypropylene plant will create at least 1,000 direct jobs, and some 10,000 further positions related to the petrochemical complex – thus alleviating one of the country’s endemic problems: unemployment. The mega project has seen investment of over 500 million dollars.

The Plurinational State is also developing significant new energy generation projects, including the building of hydroelectric power plants in Carrizal, Cambarí, and Huacata; expansion of the Termoeléctrica del Sur power station; wind power generation in La Ventolera; solar power in the highlands; and projects for internal industrial development, and even for energy exports.

Nationalization vastly more beneficial than privatization

Meanwhile, YPFB statistics show that the nationalization of natural resources has generated $31.5 billion dollars over the past 10 years, far more than the $2.5 billion that was collected in the same period under privatization.

Undeniably, the population of this new Bolivia has seen their living standards greatly improved, with the construction of roads, schools, hospitals, and sports centers. Hundreds of thousands of Bolivians have recovered their sight thanks to Operation Miracle, the ophthalmologic rehabilitation program promoted by the governments of Cuba and Venezuela.

The local pro-U.S. oligarchy continues its plans to regain power, especially those in the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, the capital of the country’s largest constituent department, where plots to overthrow the government have been prepared with the participation of foreign mercenaries.

Separatist opposition movements have also tried unsuccessfully to separate the departments of Pando, Beni, Santa Cruz, and Tarija (known as the “half moon” due to their overall shape) from Bolivia.

It’s no secret that when Evo Morales assumed office on January 22, 2006, many did not believe he would be able to complete his presidential term, let alone do so as successfully. However, the first indigenous President of Bolivia is now the longest serving head of state of the country.

None of his predecessors in the position were able to secure an electoral victory for three consecutive terms, or maintain such high approval ratings among the Bolivian people. (With information from teleSUR)

Asking nothing in return

Source:  Granma
October 6 2017

by Yenia Silva Correa |

In only 39 years, the young man from the city of Rosario accomplished something not achieved by many who lived a century. He became part of the people’s history and remains so today.

che 21.jpg

Che’s Bolivian Diary contains entries from only the first week of October – the final days of the enduring life of the heroic guerilla. In his summary of the month of September, he wrote, “The army is now showing its effectiveness in action and the bulk of campesinos won’t help us at all, and are becoming informers.”

The proximity of army forces in the area in which Che’s guerillas were moving was a constant theme in his notes, be it a result of chance sightings or news heard on the radio, which as is often the case in such situations, could well contain misinformation purposefully disseminated to put pressure on the revolutionaries.  (Photo: Korda, Alberto)

Broadcast on the radio in fact (October 4), was a commentary that foreshadowed the events, projecting possible scenarios of a trial of the guerilla leader after his capture. The speaker did consider the fact that Che would not give himself up without a struggle, except in extraordinary circumstances like those that eventually occurred.

On October 5 and 6 soldiers were again sighted and the radio reported a disproportionate number of troops searching for the small number of guerillas. It was the prelude to the last note Che would write in his notebook.

October 7, final entry: A chance encounter with a woman crossing their path through the mud and a radio report. Beyond this, the mention of four comrades, but no indication of desperation. This was the human being murdered in Bolivia 50 years ago, who had accumulated much experience in guerilla struggle, both in Cuba and on African soil.

The same man who in December of 1964 had summarized his internationalism in a few phrases before the United Nations General Assembly, saying “… at the moment it may be necessary, I am willing to give my life for the liberation of any Latin American country, without asking anything of anyone.”

che during target practice.jpg

Che Guevara during target practice Photo: Archive

For Che, the idea of death, as part of the revolutionary struggle, was nothing foreign, nor a motive for fear. He was very clear: “In a revolution, one triumphs, or one dies (if it is a real one).” He was true to this principle until the last moment of his life.

Since his untimely death, the tributes to the paradigm of a new man, in every corner of the globe, have not ceased.

In Cuba, 1968 was declared the Year of the Heroic Guerilla. For decades, youth departed for Africa and Latin America to complete internationalist missions, inspired by his example. Hundreds of thousands immortalize his likeness on clothes and in tattoos; others venerate him like a saint; more than a few are committed to disseminating his thought and work.

Part of the people’s history

guerrillas in bolivia.jpg

Guerrillas in Bolivia. Photo: Cubadebate

In only 39 years, the young man from the city of Rosario accomplished something not achieved by many who lived a century. He became part of the people’s history and remains so today, from the time of his travels across the continent of his birth, and his participation in the Cuban Revolution (first as a Rebel Army Comandante and then playing a leadership role in the country) to his departure to other lands calling for his contribution. Asking for nothing, and giving his all, he left much more than his celebrated “Hasta la victoria siempre” (Forever onward to victory). His exemplary life and action are here. They never die.

Bolivia enacts law to provide job stability for the disabled

Source:  Granma
September 27 2017

By TeleSUR English |

evo morales sept 2017 2.jpgMorales signed the new statute during a ceremony at Government Palace in La Paz. Photo: EFE

Under the new law, 4% of the public sector workforce must be disabled men and women.

Bolivian President Evo Morales has enacted a law to guarantee job stability for workers with serious disabilities.

The law also establishes a job quota for disabled people and offers a monthly payment of US$36 for those who are no longer able to work.

Morales signed the new statute during a ceremony at Government Palace in La Paz, which was attended by the nation’s Vice President Alvaro Garcia Linera, as well as ministers, ruling party lawmakers and representatives of disabled people.

It is a joy for me to enact this law

In his address, the president said: “it is a joy for me to enact this law” for the disabled, adding that the payment of US$36 a month will be financed by municipal governments with the support of the central government.

“This ruling also affects employers: 4 percent of those employed by the public sector and 2 percent employed by the private sector must be disabled men and women,” he said.
According to statistics provided this week by the Health Ministry, there were 67,912 disabled persons registered in the country by December 2016.

Of that number, 46,062 had serious or very serious disabilities and will benefit from the new job quotas, while those unable to work will receive monthly payments.  Those eligible to receive the benefits must register with the Ministry of Health’s Sole Disabled Persons Register and possess an up-to-date disability card.

People with vision problems who are registered with the Bolivian Blindness Institute are excluded from the monthly payment as they already receive support from the state, but they will be able to benefit from the job quotas, the Health Ministry said.

The monthly municipal payment will take effect in 2018. In the meantime, the government will continue the annual solidarity payments of almost US$144 to the sector, the ministry said.

In 2016, hundreds of disabled persons fought the Bolivian government to demand the annual payment be substituted by a monthly payment of US$72.

The 25 principles of Good living in the Native Constitution of Bolivia and Ecuador

Source:  Cuba: Network in Defense of Humanity / Vibromancia / The Dawn News /
September 19 2017

25 principlesThe Principles of Good Living are ingrained in the Constitutions of Bolivia and Ecuador, and were inspired by the knowledge of ancestral cultures of the region, like the Aymara, Quechua and Guarani people.

rafael y evo 2.jpgGood Living is a philosophy promoted by Andean governments of South America, pioneered by Evo Morales (Bolivia) and Rafael Correa (Ecuador). It goes back to the roots of ancestral cultures of the region and posits a model for human life in harmony with nature.

A platform for intercultural thought

It considers human beings to be second to the environment. It is neither socialism (which prioritizes the needs of humankind) nor capitalism (whose priorities are money and profit).

This line of thought was initiated by the Kichwa peoples of the Pastaza river in the late 1990s, as a proposal to organize their way of life and the bases of their relation to the territory, according to their cosmovision. Nowadays, this current integrates the cosmovisions of many cultures. Therefore, Good Living can be understood as “a platform for intercultural thought that is under construction, and which is intended to build alternatives to development in the future”.

The principles of Good Living are woven into the Constitutions of Bolivia and Ecuador as Constitutional principles, which is a novelty in the world in terms of institutional organization.

These are the 25 principles of Good Living:

Prioritizing life: Good Living is life in community, where every member cares for all the others. The most important thing is not the human being (as socialism posits) nor money (as capitalism posits) but life. Its goal is a simpler life, the way of harmony with nature and life.

To reach agreements in consensus: Good living is seeking consensus between everyone. People might have think differently, but through dialogue we must seek a neutral point where everyone agrees without conflict. It’s about deepening democracy, because there’s also submission in democracy and “submitting the neighbour is not living well”.

Respecting differences: Good living is respecting the neighbour, being able to listen to everyone who wants to speak, without discrimination or some form of submission. We don’t posit tolerance but respect, because each culture or region has a different way of thinking, and in order to live will and in harmony we need to respect those differences. This doctrine includes all beings inhabiting the planet.

To live in complementarity: Good living is prioritizing complementarity between all beings. In communities, children complement grandparents, man complements woman, and so on. Plants and animals complement the existence of human beings and help them survive.

Balance with nature: Good living is leading a life in balance with all beings. Like democracy, justice is also considered discriminative, because it only considers people and not the most important principle: harmony between human beings and nature. Good living aspires to a society with equality and without exclusion.

Defending identity: Good living is valuing and recovering identity. It implies fully enjoying life based on values that have endured for over 500 years and which have been transmitted by families and communities who lived in harmony with nature and the cosmos. One of the main goals of Good Living is recovering unity between all peoples.

Accepting differences: good living is respecting similitudes and differences between the beings that inhabit the planet. It goes beyond the concept of diversity. It also means that equal or different beings should never harm each other.

Prioritizing cosmic rights: good living means prioritizing cosmic rights before human rights. When the Government speaks of climate change, it’s also referring to cosmic rights. Therefore, it is more important to speak about the rights of Mother Earth than about the rights of human beings.

Knowing how to eat: Good Living is knowing how to eat, and combining proper foods according to each season of the year. This principle is based on the elders, who based their diet on one particular product for each season. Knowing how to eat guarantees health.

Knowing how to drink: Good living is drinking alcohol moderately. In indigenous communities, each celebration has a meaning, and alcohol is present in celebrations, but it must be consumed without exaggeration and without harming others. Knowing how to drink in community doesn’t mean going to a bar and poison ourselves with alcohol until we kill our neurons.

Knowing how to dance: Good living is knowing how to dance, which is not just shaking the body. Dance is related to specific events like sowing or harvesting. Communities still honor the Pachamama with dance and music, especially in agricultural cycles, however, native dances are considered just folklore in the cities. In the new doctrine, dance will recover its true meaning.

Knowing how to work: Good living means considering work as a celebration. Unlike capitalism, where work is considered a burden, the new model recovers the ancestral way of looking at work as a celebration. It is a way of growing as a person, therefore in indigenous cultures people work since they are children.

Recover the Abya Laya: Good living is promoting peoples to come together in a big family. This means for the regions of the country to form what was formerly known as Abya Laya—a big community. This should extend to all countries. It is considered a good sign that some presidents are trying to unite all the peoples.

Recover agriculture: Good living is reincorporating agriculture to communities and recovering forms of life in community, like working the land and cultivating products to provide for the basic needs of everyone.

Knowing how to communicate: Good living means knowing how to communicate, and recovering the communication that ancestral communities had. DIalogue is the result of this good communication: speaking among us like our parents used to, and solving problems without generating conflicts.

Social control: Good living means that inhabitants control the public affairs of the community. It differs from the concept of social participation, which reduces the amount of true participation of the people. in ancestral times, everyone controled the roles of their main authorities.

Working reciprocally: Good living is recovering the reciprocity of work in the communities. In some indigenous peoples, this practice is called ayni, which is nothing more than giving back, in the form of work, as a way to thank for the help provided by a family in an agricultural task, such as sowing or harvesting.

Not stealing and not lying: Ama sua and ama qhilla, in quechua language. It is fundamental for communities to respect these principles to maintain the wellness and trust between its inhabitants.

Protecting seeds: so that we don’t need transgenic products in the future. preserving ancestral agricultural abundance through the creation of seed banks to avoid using transgenic seeds and chemicals, which destroys thousand-year seeds.

Respecting women: because they represent the Pachamama, Mother Earth, the giver of life and the protector of its fruits. Woman is valued and present in all of the activities related to life, upbringing, education and culture.

Good living, NOT better living: Good living does not mean living better, in capitalistic terms. Living better is related to egotism, individualism lack of interest in others. The capitalist doctrine promotes the exploitation of people in order to concentrate wealth in just a few hands, while Good Living aims for a simple life with balanced production.

Recovering resources: Recovering the natural abundance of the country and allowing everyone to benefit from it in a balanced an equitative manner. It also includes nationalizing and recovering the strategic companies of the country in a framework of balance and coexistence between humankind and nature.

Exercising sovereignty: reaching a common consensus that defines and builds unity and responsibility in favor of the common good, without excluding anyone. In this context, communities and nations will build a sovereign nation that will be administered in harmony between individuals, nature and the cosmos.

Protecting water: rationally distributing water and using it correctly. Water is the vital liquid of the beings that inhabit the planet, so we must value it and preserve it as much as possible.

Listening to the elderly: reading into the wrinkles of the old to find the right path.One of the main sources of knowledge are the elderly of the community, who treasure the stories and customs that erode with the passing of time. Our elders are walking wisdom, so we must always learn from them.

Bolivia’s President Morales Says Hurricanes are Product of Capitalism

Source:  TeleSUR
September 9 2017

evo morales sept 2017.jpgThe Bolivian President Evo Morales speaks during a ceremony in
Potosi, Bolivia. | Photo: Reuters

Morales has long identified the system as the root cause of climate change.

Bolivia’s President Evo Morales says the devastating hurricanes hitting Caribbean nations over the last week are caused by pollution created by the capitalist system, and is urging countries to implement the policies of the Paris Climate Deal.

RELATED:   Bolivia’s Morales Says ‘Most Polluted, Industrialized’ US Cannot Deny its Environmental Damage

“It is urgent to retake the Paris Agreement,” Morales wrote on his official Twitter account. “The world calls for peace between brotherly peoples and not walls against human beings.”

The Bolivian president also welcomed the comments made by Pope Francis during his visit to Colombia, calling for “a reconciliation with Mother Earth.”

Morales said the world is demanding peace between peoples, and not walls, such as the one that President Donald Trump wants to build on the U.S.-Mexican border.

In June, Trump announced that the U.S. is withdrawing from the 2015 Paris agreement.

He said moves to negotiate a new “fair” deal that would not disadvantage U.S. businesses and workers would begin.

Only three sovereign nations are not part of the accord, which aims to stem global warming.

Of the other two, Nicaragua feels the agreement does not go far enough, and Syria remains mired in a civil war.

“It is urgent to retake the Paris Agreement. The world calls for peace between brotherly peoples and not walls against human beings.”

At the the COP 21 Climate Change Conference in Paris in 2015, Morales had blamed capitalism for environmental destruction, calling it “the formula that has destroyed our species.”

Just back in July, the Bolivian leader had also remarked that “the U.S., the most industrialized and most polluted country in the world, cannot deny its responsibility for the damage it causes to the environment.”

Bolivia Slashes Chronic Malnutrition in Children by Nearly 50 Percent

Source:  TeleSUR
September 7 2017

children eat.jpgChildren eat in front of a huge pile of bananas in La Paz, Bolivia. | Photo: Reuters

Earlier this week, the government announced it had decreased the infant mortality rate in the country by 52 percent.

Bolivia has slashed chronic malnutrition in children under five years old by almost half, with a reduction in cases from 32.3 percent to 16 percent.

RELATED:   Bolivia Slashes Infant Mortality Rate by 52 Percent

The findings, a part of the National Demographic and Health Survey, also reported that in the case of children 23 months and six years old, chronic malnutrition was reduced from 25.1 percent to 15.2 percent.

The head of the Food and Nutrition Unit, Yecid Humacayo, said this was made possible through the government-initiated National Food and Nutrition Council, which was created with the participation of 10 ministries. The Council promoted several programs such as the Multisectoral Zero Malnutrition Program and the Law No .775 Promotion of Healthy Eating.

The country’s “My Health” program evaluated the nutrition of  some 1,797,460 children under five years of age in order to determine the figures.

salud bolivia 2.jpg

“#MyHealth provides educational talk to primary school children about adequate hand-washing and de-worming in #Siberia #Comarapa #SantaCruz”

Just this week, Bolivia’s health ministry also announced it had drastically reduced its infant mortality rate, by a staggering 52 percent between 2008 and 2016.

The ministry said on Monday that the deaths of children under one year old in Bolivia has fallen from 50 to 24 per 1000 births.

It had added that the percentage of pregnant women who were attended to during childbirth by healthcare personnel also increased from 71.1 percent in 2008, to 89.9 percent in 2016.

The South American nation has some ground-breaking health care programs in place.

Under the “My Health” program — launched by leftist President Evo Morales in June 2013 — all treatment is provided free of charge for residents in some of Bolivia’s poorest communities. The main beneficiaries are patients on low incomes who would otherwise not be able to pay to see the doctor and get prescription medication.

Over the last four years, doctors have seen more than 7.8 million patients and saved more than 17,000 lives.