The legacy of Hugo Chavez

Reblogged from La Santa Mambisa

chavez' legacy

by Atilio Borón

Today, March 5, five years have passed since the physical disappearance of Hugo Chávez Frías and it is fair and necessary to provide a brief reflection on the legacy left by his presence in Venezuela and in Latin America and the Caribbean.

As before, in 1959, Fidel with the triumph of the Cuban Revolution, Chávez’s irruption into the politics of his country quickly became internationalized and reached a continental projection. It would not be an exaggeration to say that in a forty-year period (remember that the Bolivarian assumed the presidency of his country in 1999) the contemporary history of Our America experienced those two political earthquakes that irreversibly modified the political and social landscape of the region.

Fighting for the Second and Definitive Independence

Chávez picked up the flags that had been raised by Fidel and with his martial exhortation to fight for the Second and Definitive Independence of our peoples, he enclaved them in the fertile terrain of the Bolivarian tradition.  With Chávez, that which portrayed Neruda’s verse when the Liberator said “I wake up every hundred years when the town wakes up” became a reality. And with the rebellion of 4F Chávez ended the lethargy of the people, a rebellion that, “for now”, had been defeated. But Chávez knew that this people was already getting ready to fight the great battles that had been summoned by Bolívar, re-incarnated in the bodies and souls of millions of Venezuelans and Venezuelans who took to the streets to install Chávez in the Miraflores Palace.

A revolution in consciences

The five years that have elapsed since its sowing provide enough perspective to evaluate the scope of its leafy and multifaceted legacy. The economic and social advances experienced by the Venezuelan people, today attacked with fierce savagery by the American debauchery and the infamy of their local lieutenants, are important but they are not essential. In our opinion, the fundamental, the essential thing is that Chávez produced a revolution in consciences, forever changed the heads of our peoples, and this is a more significant and lasting achievement than any economic benefit. Thanks to Chávez,

In his native country and in all of Latin America and the Caribbean, the idea became evident that the advances achieved in the last twenty years are irreversible and that any pretension to return to the past will face enormous popular resistances. The immense popularity of Chávez throughout the region reveals the depth of these changes experienced in the popular imagination.

Some say, with obvious malice, that the “progressive cycle” has come to an end. But the ventriloquists of imperialism in vain try to hide that the heroic resistance of Venezuelans to the brutal aggressions and attacks launched by Washington reveals, on the contrary, that despite the enormous difficulties and privations of all kinds to which the Chavist people are subjected, they will not tolerate a return to the past, to that “moribund constitution” that Chávez replaced with an exemplary piece of law. And that town resists, and it does so with such force that the opposition that asked for elections to end the government of Nicolás Maduro now does not want to compete because he knows that it will be devastated by a Chavista tsunami. His choice now is clearly extra institutional or, more clearly, insurrectional.

The people are resisting

The people are resisting in Venezuela, the Honduran people fought with incredible heroism, before the electoral farce mounted by “the embassy” in Tegucigalpa. Three months have passed since the proclamation of the triumph of Juan O. Hernández and the people remain in the streets protesting that obscene electoral robbery. As did the Mexicans before, for months, because of the robbery perpetrated against Andrés Manuel López Obrador in the 2012 elections. People who support the progressive and left candidates in Mexico (again with López Obrador) and in Colombia (Gustavo Petro); have displayed, as was shown in Chile with their abstention, their rejection of the electoral fraud mounted in the presidential elections.

The people are resisting also in Brazil, where Michel Temer, is the most unpopular president in recent history (with a level of approval of 3%, while his negative image is around 75%) and fight for honest elections with Lula as a candidate . And in Peru, where the government of Pedro P. Kuczinski was burdened by the evidence of the Odebrecht case and is shaken by the growing wave of discontent that runs through the country. The people in Argentina are resisting with determination and courage , placing on the defensive the government of Mauricio Macri and throwing thick shadows of doubt about the possible continuity of the government of Cambiemos after the elections of 2019.

No “end of cycle”

Here is the extraordinary legacy of Chávez: he changed the conscience of the people, triumphed in the “battle of ideas” claimed by Fidel and as a result of which in Latin America and the Caribbean the right can no longer win elections, with the lonely -and surely temporary – exception of Argentina. In other countries the empire must resort to the “soft coup” as in Honduras, Paraguay, Brazil; or to the most blatant fraud, as in Honduras and Mexico; or unloading its immense media power to frighten and confuse the population, as in Bolivia, or to mediate the corruption of the government of Mauricio Macri in Argentina; or appealing to the old Colombian record of assassinating the candidates of the opposition forces, just two days ago they tried to do it with Gustavo Petro, which leads the intention to vote in the suffering and endearing Colombia. And where there are still no leftist or progressive forces that are constituted as true alternatives, in the case of Chile, the popular response is the withdrawal and repudiation of that conservative and neocolonial political leadership. Conclusion: no “end of cycle”. The struggle continues while the right tries unsuccessfully to stabilize its restoration project, which until now is just that, a project.

Conference on U.S. Foreign Military Bases

Source:  World Peace Council
January 23 2018

coalition against us foreign military basesThe Conference on U.S. Foreign Military Bases was held successfully on January 12-14, at Learning Commons Town Hall, University of Baltimore, USA. Attached are the resolutions of the conference.



(on or around February 23rd, 2018)

WHEREAS, February 23, 2018 is the 115th Anniversary of the seizure of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, by the United States to create a foreign Military Base, a result of the U.S. provoked Spanish-American War, and further

WHEREAS, the United States used its military power to force the Cuban Constitutional Convention to accept the seizure in its Constitution, and further

WHEREAS, upon the success of the Cuban Revolution in 1959 Cuba demanded the repudiation of the Treaty, ceased cashing the annual U.S. Payment of $4,085 and called for the complete sovereignty of the Bay by the Cuban Government, and further

WHEREAS, the United States has refused to return Guantanamo Bay to the Cuban people, citing the forcibly imposed Clause in the Treaty that BOTH parties must agree to the cancellation of the Treaty, and further

WHEREAS, U.S. occupation of Guantanamo Bay provides United States military dominance in the Caribbean and South America and is a threat to the independence and sovereignty of the peoples in that vast area, and further

WHEREAS, under U.S. control, Guantanamo Bay has become a center of torture and abrogation of human rights, violations of elementary U.S. and international standards that are condemned by the civilized world,

THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED, that the Coalition Against U.S. Foreign Bases unanimously calls upon the global peace movement to organize, on or around February 23, 2018, Actions calling for the United States to promptly withdraw all its forces and personnel from Guantanamo Bay and immediately declare ALL agreements ceding Cuban control of Guantanamo Bay to the U.S. to be null and void.

Namibia: President Geingob Urges World to Resolve Western Sahara Issue

September 5 2017

By Albertina Nakale

Hage-Geingob-President-of-Namibia.jpgPresident has reminded the world that the protracted Western Sahara issue still needs sorting out.

Namibia has on many occasions undertaken not to tire in its quest to see Morocco, which was recently re-admitted into the African Union (AU), give up its illegal occupation of Western Sahara.

Geingob made the call in Windhoek yesterday when he addressed a conference of the African-European party dialogue of socialists and democrats, aimed at overcoming inequality as a political challenge.

Why are socialists quiet?

“I don’t know why socialists are quiet. We are not assisting those who want to get their independence. In Europe and Africa, we are not helping them [Western Sahara] to get self-independence. We don’t hear [anything] it’s only Southern Africa. Why are you quiet?” Geingob asked.

The president is hopeful that Europeans and other African nations will follow Namibia’s stance to stand up against Morocco’s occupation of Western Sahara.

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Geingob has on many occasions spoken out in support of the right to self-determination of the people of Western Sahara, following similar stern demands by National Assembly Speaker Professor Peter Katjavivi and International Relations Minister Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah.

In an interview with New Era, Katjivivi echoed Geingob’s stance for the global community to stand up and speak out in support of the people of Western Sahara.

He revealed that members of the Namibian parliament are due to attend the Interparliamentary Union (Union) Conference in Russia in October, where they will make sure to push the agenda for self-determination for the people of Western Sahara.

“All member parliaments are going to be there. We are interested to see that the voice of the people of Western Sahara is heard. There is the danger now that Morocco has been campaigning for and pushing its own agenda and basically trying to undermine the solidarity and support being extended to the people of Western Sahara. We cannot afford to undermine the push for freedom and independence for the people of Western Sahara,” Katjavivi told New Era yesterday.He explained it is in that context that he welcomed Geingob’s stance in reminding the world that the question of Western Sahara and Palestine is still outstanding.

Celebrating Jamaica’s Quest for Emancipation and True Independence: An “Aagus Maanin” Exhortation

August 1 2017
By  Nyron W.Lemonius

Enjoy di Aagus Maanin together.

Sit with your neighbours.

slavery 4Our history

Talk about the history of our people: our joys, the cruelty we endured and endure; our struggles, how we overcame, our new and evolving struggles, our vision, our dreams, our hope…

Identify and name those who hurt us, from the early formation of the non-Arawak Jamaica, through slavery, colonialism, neo-colonialism, imperialism; those driven by greed and selfishness; those who, wherever they go, leave footprints of cruelty, barbarism and actions devoid of a humane spirit.

The community

Teach the building of our unity; teach the knowledge of our collective self and of our individual self; teach of our love, our God, our goal, our purpose.

Explain the need for the balance between the individual self and the collective self in our thoughts and actions, if we are to forge a brighter future for ourselves and our Jamaican society. The individual’s definition, meaning, and value are found only in community and are ascribed only by the community. No individual is greater than the community of which he is a part.

Revulsion to cruelty

Develop the spirit and sense of revulsion to cruelty and to oppression and injustice everywhere; develop and deepen our sense of obligation and of duty to respond systematically and strategically to injustice and to the domination of the “weak” by the “strong”. Our response must be disciplined and organised, and must be built on a platform of positive love and unadulterated truth.

Let the Universal Choir of the Oppressed chant songs of freedom with harmonies that are produced only by our acquaintance with pain, suffering, and the dream and hope of true and lasting liberty and peace, girded by dignity, stateliness, and respect for neighbour.

Let him that has most, give most; let him that has greatest need, receive most. “If anyone is not willing to work, let him not eat.”


Work. Study the duty, discipline, and joy of the love for humanity, of Mathematics, Science, and technologies. Foster, nurture, and develop our creativity and our innovativeness.

Replenish our environment: always give more than we take.

Finally, let our single purpose be this: TO TURN THIS UP-SIDE DOWN WORLD UP-SIDE UP!

Let us strive to right every wrong.

Let us not rest until in Jamaica “justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.”

A better Jamaica

Truly, a better Jamaica is possible. … A better Jamaica is … NECESSARY!

marcus garvey 10.jpgOur struggle for better living conditions of human dignity, justice, freedom, security, and peace in a place that we call our home; a struggle which began years ago on the shores of Africa, is not yet over. We have gained much through our foreparents like Tacky, Nanny, Sam Sharpe, Paul Bogle and more recently through Marcus Garvey and Michael Manley.  Yet we have much to accomplish.

So, our struggle continues.  Our struggle is just; our cause is highly principled, and is most reasonable. For this reason, we are supremely confident that with honesty, respect, discipline, organisation, and hard work … we shall overcome!


Martinique and Algeria’s Franz Fanon Remembered

Source:  TeleSUR
December 6 2016

“When we revolt it’s not for a particular culture. We revolt simply because, for many reasons, we can no longer breathe.”

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franz fanon.jpgFrantz Omar Fanon was born July 20, 1925, in the Caribbean nation of Martinique and died on Dec. 6, 1961. He was a revolutionary philosopher, writer and psychiatrist who participated and influenced political processes for liberation across the world. His work has marked decolonial thought and anti-colonial struggles for the globally oppressed, especially African nations and people of the African diaspora.


Th Wretched of the Earth

Fanon supported the Algerian War of Independence from France and was actively involved in the Algerian National Liberation Front. Although he lived a comparatively short life, Fanon produced emblematic texts and theories that have proliferated anti-colonial revolutionary thought such as “Black Skin, White Masks” (1952) and “The Wretched of the Earth”(1961).

Fanon’s political thought encompassed the implications and consequences of colonization. He focused considerably on anti-colonial struggles of the time and people’s transforming consciousness. He focused on language, land and other factors that were utilized by the colonizer to oppress people’s of the world.

Ridding the people’s mind of the impact of imperialism

Fanon detailed the connections between the systematic colonization of people, land and language. For example, Fanon declared that “Imperialism leaves behind germs of rot which we must clinically detect and remove from our land but from our minds as well.” As such, he defended that “For a colonized people the most essential value, because the most concrete, is first and foremost the land: the land which will bring them bread and, above all, dignity.”

In 1953, Fanon was named the Head of the Psychiatry Department of the Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria. There, he spearheaded patient care reform and desegregated the wards. The war for Algerian independence began during this time and patients shared with Fanon stories of torture and brutality. Learning the realities first-hand of the Algerian cause, in 1956, Fanon resigned from his position with the French government to struggle for Algerian independence.

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Algerian independence

Fanon went to Tunisia and began to work with the Algerian independence forces. He documented the independence movement writing articles in a number of publications. Several of his pieces were published after his death. He also served as the Ambassador to Ghana for the Provisional Algerian Government.

After returning from a trip to the Sahara to build another front for the Algerian independence movement, Fanon was diagnosed with leukemia. Despite the burden of his illness, Fanon continued to give lectures to the National Liberation Army along the Algero-Tunisian border.

His final text, “The Wretched of the Earth” was written in 10 months as he fought his cancer. Jean Paul Sartre published the text the year of his death. He sought treatment for his cancer but died in Bethesda, Maryland Dec. 6, 1961. Fanon’s body was buried with honors by the ALN and his body currently rests at the martyrs’ graveyard in Ain Kerma, Algeria.

Angolan President Dos Santos thanks Cuba

Source:  Cuban News Agency
Luanda, November 14 2015

angolan president jose eduardo dos santos 2Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos, on behalf of his government and people, thanked Cuba for its participation in the independence struggle and the subsequent reconstruction of his country.

PrintDiplomatic circles revealed that such gratitude was expressed on Thursday, in Luanda when Dos Santos received a Cuban delegation headed by Salvador Valdes Mesa, Vice President of the State Council, to attend the events commemorating the 40th anniversary of national independence.

In a fraternal and friendly atmosphere, the host leader praised the historic relations between the two countries since the Commander in Chief Fidel Castro and President Agostinho Neto decided to send Cuban troops to help the People’s Armed Forces for the Liberation of Angola.

cuban angolan soldiers angola warMeanwhile, Valdes Mesa conveyed the greetings of the leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, President Raul Castro, the Communist Party of Cuba, the Cuban people and Government to the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA).

Raúl Díaz-Argüelles Garcia

Raúl Díaz-Argüelles Garcia

Before his departure , the Cuban leader paid tribute to the internationalist combatant from his country, Raul Diaz Arguelles, who fell at the Battle of Ebo on December 11, 1975, a month after Neto enacted emancipation.

After laying a wreath at Luanda’s Alto Las Cruces cemetery, where the remains of commander Arguelles rest; Valdes Mesa said: “We also dedicate this simple tribute to all Cuban internationalist combatants who, together with Angolans, fought to defend the sovereignty of Neto´s homeland”.

As part of the agenda, the Cuban vice president also met with a group of collaborators of the island, representing more than four thousand Cubans contributing to the development of this African nation.

Valdes Mesa, who arrived in Luanda on November 10th, spoke on that date with the president of the National Assembly of Angola, Fernando da Piedade Dias dos Santos.

Source:  Angolan President Dos Santos thanks Cuba  Cuban NewsAgency

Angola’s independence struggle commemorated in Cuba

Source:  Granma
November 12, 2015

Author: laura Bécquer Paseiro |

A ceremony presided by President Raúl Castro to mark the 40th anniversary of Angola’s independence was held on Wednesday, November 11, in Havana

cuba commemorates angola's indepemdence strugglesPhoto: Estudio Revolución

“From Angola we take with us a close friendship that unites us with this heroic nation, the gratitude of its people and the remains of the dear brothers killed in the line of duty,” Army General Raúl Castro stated back in 1976, summing up the contribution of the Cuban people in the definitive liberation of the African country.

agostinho neto 2The proclamation of Angola’s independence on November 11, 1975, by the forces of the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola, led by Agostinho Neto, opened the way not only to the building of a new Angola, but also to external threats, such as that from South Africa’s apartheid regime, which wished to expand across the continent.

In response to a request from Neto, thousands of Cuban soldiers and civilian collaborators crossed the Atlantic, committed to assisting their Angolan brothers and sisters in a struggle that had plunged the country into a serious crisis.

A ceremony presided by the President of the Councils of State and Ministers, Raúl Castro, was held on Wednesday, November 11, in Havana, to mark the 40th anniversary of Angola’s independence and Cuba’s contribution.

We witnessed the birth of a free and independent state, each battle was a lesson that cemented the faith in victory, expressed Army Corps General Álvaro López Miera, a member of the Politburo and first deputy minister of the FAR, during his speech at the event.

Fidel Neto Raul y OsvaldoHe went on to stress the heroic resistance of the Angolan people and the strategic vision of the leader of the Revolution, Fidel Castro.

Cuba is filled with joy at seeing Angola celebrating four decades of independence, López Miera, also chief of the Army General Staff, stated, while noting that the cooperation of the island in the African nation continues today, in areas such as health, sports and civil construction.

“Yes, I can”

Thanks to the “Yes, I can” Cuban literacy method, over a million Angolans have learned to read and write; through Operation Miracle more than 34,000 have been operated on; and 7,500 young Angolans have graduated in Cuba, he added.

Angolan Minister of Former Combatants and Homeland Veterans, General Candido Van-Dunem, attended the ceremony on behalf of Angolan President José Eduardo dos Santos. During his speech, he expressed the gratitude of the Angolan people to Cuba and noted the strong bilateral ties between the two nations.

The date is a matter of pride but also of reflection on the long and glorious struggle up until today, the Angolan General added, noting that both countries continue to be united by the ideals and the blood shed by their people.

Brigadier General Raúl Díaz-Argüelles and Victor Schueg Colás

An emotive moment was the posthumous presentation by the Cuban President of the title of Hero of the Republic of Cuba and the Máximo Gómez Order, First Degree, to the daughters of Brigadier General Raúl Díaz-Argüelles and Victor Schueg Colás.

These decorations were also awarded to Major General Carlos Fernández Rondín, minister of the Interior, following a proposal from the State Council.

In turn, the head of the Political Directorate of the Interior Ministry, Major General Romárico Sotomayor, received the title of Hero of the Republic of Cuba and the Order of Playa Girón.

Source:  Angola’s independence struggle commemorated in Cuba  Granma