CIA Covert Operations: The 1964 Overthrow of Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana


Source:  Internationalist 360

Cheddi Jagan speaking Declassified Documents Explore Little-Known Political Coup in Latin America Washington, DC, April 6, 2020 – Cold War concerns about another Communist Cuba in Latin America drove President John F. Kennedy to approve a covert CIA political campaign to rig national elections in British Guiana, then a British colony but soon to be independent, […]

via CIA Covert Operations: The 1964 Overthrow of Cheddi Jagan in British Guiana — INTERNATIONALIST 360°

Jamaicans Should Understand What’s Happening in Venezuela

Source:  JSC
January 28 2019

by Al Grey,

Probably the easiest way for young Jamaicans to understand what’s happening in Venezuela is for them to speak with an honest, objective and informed person who lived in Jamaica in the 1970s and who was old enough then to be aware of the real situation in the country.

If that is not possible, then there is a lot of information on the internet about this period in Jamaica’s life which can allow the honest, non-partisan mind to know the truth of the time. In addition, several informative books and articles, fiction and non-fiction, have been written about the CIA’s role in Jamaica in this period.  All one needs to do is google “the CIA involvement in Jamaica”.

Related:  CIA involvement in Jamaica 1976-1980

The script used then in Jamaica, which was basically the same one used in Chile leading up to assassination of the democratically elected President Dr. Salvador Allende in 1973, had three main components; paramilitary activity; propaganda in the mainstream media; and economic warfare.

This, in essence, is what we now see happening in Venezuela.  But of course, the stakes are much higher there, not only because of the huge oil, gas and gold reserves which the country boasts but also because of the leading role that the Bolivarian Revolution has played since Hugo Chavez’ electoral victory in 1998 in transforming the region into an integrated, anti-imperialist bloc.  Since Chavez’ victory there have been 15 progressive democratically elected governments in the region.

Related:  Why Is Venezuela a Key Geopolitical Target for The US?

psychological warfare in the media jamaica.jpg

Michael Manley’s image shown with a death mask in the leading Jamaican daily newspaper, the Daily Gleaner

The violence unleashed in Jamaica in that period had never been experienced on the small, relatively peaceful island before. Socialist Prime Minister Michael Manley was demonized in the media and blamed for all the ills of the country including those manufactured by individuals and organizations trying to destabilize the young nation.  Shortages of basic items like soap and toothpaste resulting from hoarding by the suppliers formed part of a broader economic and financial sabotage of the economy which led to the devaluation of the national currency – all occurring under the dictates of the model guided by the words of then US President Nixon for the destabilizing of Chile: “make the economy scream”.

Related:  Destabilization in the Caribbean

Fortunately for the people of Venezuela, the experiences of Iraq, Afghanistan, and especially Syria and Libya, are too fresh in the minds of the peoples of the world for them to be fooled again. In addition, we are moving towards a multipolar world as the savage warmongering US empire is imploding, being isolated and recognized for what it is, and for its historical role as the purveyor of incessant destruction of other peoples and their lands under the guise of spreading ‘democracy’.

“You can fool some people sometimes
but you can’t fool all the people all the time,

so now we see the light,
we gonna stand up for our rights”

Related: Stir It Up: Marley, Manley & the Destabilization of Jamaica


George H.W. Bush, Luis Posada Carriles, and the dirty war against Cuba

Source: People’s World
December 20 2018

by W.T. Whitney

bush y posada.jpgLuis Posada Carriles, left, lived in one of the dark corners of President George H.W. Bush’s political life. | Photos: AP / Graphic: PW

Former President George H.W. Bush recently died. Stories abound as to his civility and easy interaction with political associates and casual contacts alike. In Maine, where his family owns a summer home, the press highlighted such qualities and also his generosity. The assumption prevails that affability softened the hard edges of wielding power. Dark corners in Bush’s political life received less attention.

The criminal Luis Posada Carriles lived in one of them. President Bush’s dealings with Posada reflected amorality, want of ethical principles, and dedication to preserving a world of privilege. The contrast between a decent-guy image and easy tolerance of blatant criminality is striking.

It’s a blight recalling the high-minded framers of the U.S. Constitution who owned enslaved people. Bush resembled the “gentleman” Southern planter of pre-Civil War years whose hands were not often dirtied. An underling enforced the “pushing system” of industrial-scale cotton production, the extraction of work through the use of oppressively direct supervision of enslaved people (see this analysis of “Baptism by Blood Cotton.”) Similarly, Bush himself didn’t perform the dirty deeds against Cuba.

On-call thugs were central to both projects: the overseer with a whip and Luis Posada. On September 7, 1988, Iowa Senator Tom Harkin exposed the connection between Posada’s crimes and Bush’s permissiveness.

Bush was running for president that year. Harkin, speaking in the Senate, announced that “the American voter deserves answers from George Bush to some tough questions about his and his Vice Presidential office’s relationship with a known international terrorist, Luis Posada Carriles” (Congressional Record – Senate, 100th Congress, 2nd Session, Vol. 134 No. 131, S 13037).

He points out that Luis Posada Carriles and Félix Rodríguez were colleagues in a “White House operation” that in 1985-86 delivered weapons from El Salvador to Contra counter-revolutionaries in Nicaragua. He adds that Posada “had spent 10 years in a Venezuelan jail for blowing up a Cuban airliner, killing 73 people, in 1976.”

Harkin continues: “So I ask, Mr. President: Can we really believe that Don Gregg never asked his former CIA colleague Rodríguez about either the secret supply operations or Rodríguez’s partner, international terrorist Luis Posada?” Gregg was Bush’s national security advisor.

cubana bombing victims

Photographs of some of the victims of the bombing of a Cubana airliner in 1976 are displayed outside the U.S. Immigration detention center during the trial for Luis Posada Carriles, Aug. 29, 2005, in El Paso, Texas. | Rudy Gutierrez / El Paso Times via AP

Observing that Rodríguez was Bush’s “good friend,” Harkin asks Bush—who was not present and who never responded—“did you ever ask him about his associates and whether he had in his employ Posada?” Then as regards Cuba: “Mr. Bush, when you were CIA Director in 1976, did you ever investigate the role of Posada and other Cubans in the 1976 airliner bombing?”

According to Harkin, Bush “took a personal interest in this and a string of related anti-Castro bombings that shook the hemisphere that year, 1976.” He identifies Posada as an operative of the CORU group of terrorists responsible for the bombings. And Posada “worked for the CIA on contract as late as 1975.” Actually Posada “worked virtually full-time for the CIA from the Bay of Pigs invasion in April 1961 until 1967.” So, says Harkin, “the first step is to come clean about Luis Posada, the international terrorist.”

He concludes: “The Posada case demonstrates that you didn’t bother to use your offices and your International Terrorism Task Force to investigate the activities of a known international terrorist. Was it because, Mr. Vice President, of Posada’s ties with your ‘good friend’ Félix Rodríguez? Or was it because of Posada’s role in organizing the secret Contra supply operation run out of Ilopango airbase [in El Salvador]? Or was it because of Posada’s past ties with the CIA, which you headed in the mid-1970s?”

During his tenure as CIA director, Bush could have hobbled Posada the terrorist who had worked for or with the CIA. That didn’t happen. Posada had free rein to plot the airliner bombing, deliver weapons to the Contras, arrange to have hotels in Havana bombed in 1997, and try to kill former Cuban President Fidel Castro in Panama in 2000.

Harkin’s last question lingers, although answers fall short. Fabián Escalante, former head of Cuban intelligence services, provided insight, however. He claimed that Posada joined other Cuban-American assassination experts banded together in the CIA’s “Operation 40,” based in Miami. Escalante cited sourcesindicating that a few members of that group, Posada included, were present at Dallas’s Dealey Plaza on the day that President John F. Kennedy was killed.

Escalante suggested that Posada’s grim deeds go unpunished, because “he has a life insurance policy, which is what he knows about the Kennedy plot.”

In the end, it’s clear that President George H.W. Bush in normal circumstances was accommodating and adept at social niceties. It’s clear also that when the stakes were high—bringing down the Cuban Revolution, for example, or institutional loyalty, or both—opportunism took precedence over ethics.

In any case, dirty war against Cuba was a project far larger than the actions of Bush or Posada alone. Attacks on a wide front have been constant and probably continue. They are bereft of an ethical North Pole.

According to journalist Arthur González, scientists have recently identified the presence in Cuba of a new serotype of hemorrhagic dengue. That potentially fatal infectious disease has been endemic in Cuba ever since the 1981 appearance of an earlier serotype. The outbreak then, widely attributed to biological warfare at the hands of the United States, sickened more than 344,000 people and killed 159.

González claims that U.S. operatives introduced the currently new microorganism. The purpose, he states, would be to disrupt tourism and force Cuba to spend money on controlling an epidemic rather than on solving current economic problems.

Tried in New York in 1984 for murders and terrorism, CIA agent Eduardo Arocena, a Cuban-American with terrorist associations, confessed to having introduced harmful biological agents in Cuba. Many think he had a role in promoting the 1981 epidemic. González catalogues diseases of pigs, dairy cattle, sugar cane, plantain, citrus fruits, and coffee plants for which he blames the United States.

Luis Posada Carriles died at the age of 90 on May 23, 2018 in Miami, where he had lived happily undisturbed for decades. Peter Kornbluh of the National Security Archive referred to him as “one of the most dangerous terrorists in recent history” and the “godfather of Cuban exile violence.” But his enabler George H.W. Bush is widely and officially remembered as a genteel gentleman whom current politicians might well emulate.

Russia Blames ‘Foreign Interference’ for Brazil Coup

Source:  TeleSUR
May 12 2016

“For Russia, Brazil is an important foreign partner in Latin America and the world,” added Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova.

covert operations against brazil.jpg

CIA has an extensive record of carrying out covert operations around the globe aimed at destabilizing governments that refuse to comply with U.S. interests. | Photo: Reuters

The Russian Foreign Ministry spoke out Wednesday against the efforts to oust Rousseff, pinning the move on “foreign interference.”

IN DEPTH:  The Coup Plot That Seeks to Oust Brazil’s President

“For Russia, Brazil is an important foreign partner in Latin America and the world,” added Foreign Ministry spokesperson Maria Zakharova.

BRICS group

Russia and Brazil have an important relationship and are members of the influential BRICS group.

A 2015 document, reported in various Russian news agencies, addressed the possibility of U.S. intelligence agency involvement in the parliamentary coup against President Dilma Rousseff. “It is quite possible that the CIA is involved in the plan to stage riots in Brazil nationwide,” the Russian news outlets said in a 2015 report.

One article by Pravda explains that over the past few years, BRICS nations (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) have become a significant geopolitical threat to the interests of the United States.

Rousseff’s support for creating a new world reserve currency

The report added that one of Washington’s biggest worries is Rousseff’s support for creating a new world reserve currency, as well as the threat BRICS poses to the U.S. dollar.

“The reasons, for which Washington wants to get rid of Dilma Rousseff, are easy to understand,” Sputnik wrote. “She signed the agreement about the establishment of the (BRICS) New Development Bank with the initial registered capital worth US$100 billion reserve fund, as well as additional US$100 billion.”

ANALYSIS: 5 Ways Brazil’s Coup Plotters Plan Economic Shock Therapy

Fiber-optic telecommunications system across the Atlantic to Europe initiated by Rousseff

The United States government was also concerned by the construction of a 5,600 kilometer-long (about 3,200 miles) fiber-optic telecommunications system across the Atlantic to Europe initiated by Rousseff in October 2014. The new communication system would guarantee protection against foreign espionage, and would undermine the U.S.-backed communications monopolies. Telebras president told the local media that the project would be developed and implemented without the participation of any U.S. company.

Protests erupted in Brazil after Rouuseff denied the US companies to access the country’s oil fields

Rousseff has also angered Washington by blocking major U.S. oil and mining companies from returning to Brazil and instead looking to China for investment. The United States has been looking to shore up its stakes in natural resources in Latin America, as indicated by the WikiLeaks revelation that Hillary Clinton pressured Mexico to privatize its oil industry when she was U.S. Secretary of State.

Sputnik noted that U.S. Vice President Joe Biden visited Brazil in May 2013 to try to persuade Rousseff to allow U.S. companies to access the country’s oil fields—a proposal denied by the Brazilian president. In the period after Biden’s visit, protests erupted across the South American country and her rating dropped from 70 percent to 30 percent.

RELATED: Dilma Rousseff Calls for Mobilizations to Overturn Coup

Brainwashing through the media

“During this period, the Americans were consistently destroying Rousseff’s regime through other protests. They included large-scale protests against the excessive costs of the World Cup and insufficient funding of social welfare programs and health care,” Sputnik noted.

Also immediately after Biden’s visit, reports attempted to link Rousseff in the so-called “Car Wash” scandal involving the state-run oil company, Petrobras.

“All of a sudden, the Brazilians forgot that the Workers’ Party had taken around 30 percent of the population out of poverty with the help of public support programs. Hunger and illiteracy became history. Was it because of short-term memory? No, as the CIA knows very well how to brainwash people through subordinate media,” Sputnik stated.

In an interview with teleSUR however, Rousseff denied U.S. involvement in her country’s political crisis. “The U.S. has stayed away from the Brazilian process,” maintained the Brazilian leader, despite reports that opposition figures recently met in Washington.

Recently, Venezuelan journalist Jose Vicente Rangel alleged U.S. intelligence agencies had sent about 500 agents to Venezuela, Bolivia, Argentina, Brazil, Ecuador and Cuba, with the sole purpose of destabilizing their governments.

Bernie Sanders Defends His Criticism of the CIA

Source: TeleSUR
February 24 2016

bernie saunders 6.jpg

U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders | Photo: Reuters

“I do have some concerns about past activities of the CIA,’ Sanders told host Chris Cuomo. ‘Which, continues, by the way, to the present,’ the Vermont senator added.”

Sanders voiced concerns about the CIA on Tuesday, which he said overthrew democratically-elected leaders for moneyed interests.

During a CNN Town Hall debate on Tuesday democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders defended his 1974 critique of the Central Intelligence Agency as “a dangerous institution that has got to go.”

When CNN reporter Chris Cuomo asked Bernie Sanders about the comments he made about the CIA in the 1970s, Sanders replied saying ‘‘that was 40 years ago’’ and that he believes the CIA plays ‘‘an important role.’’

Still uncomfortable with the role of the CIA

However, later during his comments Sanders stated that he is still uncomfortable with the role of the CIA.

RELATED: 5 CIA Crimes in Latin America

“I do have some concerns about past activities of the CIA,’ Sanders told host Chris Cuomo. ‘Which, continues, by the way, to the present,’ the Vermont senator added.”

Sanders cited two seperate examples of CIA involvement in overthrowing democratically elected governments.


The Vermont Senator first pointed to Iran’s Mohammad Mossadeq, a democratically elected prime minister who was overthrown in 1953, with CIA documents later confirming the agency’s role.

iran 1953 coup.jpg“The CIA was involved in the overthrow of a gentleman named Mohammad Mosaddegh way back when in Iran,” Sanders explained. “Overthrew him on behalf of British oil.”


Later, Sanders highlighted the CIA´s role in the overthrow of former Chilean President Salvador Allende in 1973, stating “He was a democratic candidate, he won a fair election, the CIA overthrew him.”

chile coup 1973.png

His comments take place as Sanders and his opponent Hillary Clinton gear up for
Saturday’s South Carolina primary.

Robert Kennedy Jr.’s 25 Truths on the Secret Negotiations between Fidel Castro and President Kennedy

Source:  Global Research
June 25 2015
By Salim Lamrani

Al Mayadeen

fidel y kennedyMore than half a century ago, Fidel Castro and John F. Kennedy conducted secret negotiations aimed at normalizing relations between the United States and Cuba. Robert Kennedy Jr., nephew of the assassinated President, recounts these events and praises Obama’s policy of rapprochement, which is making his uncle’s “dream” a “reality(1)”.[1]

  1. After the October 1962 missile crisis, a conflict that almost led to a nuclear disaster, and its resolution that included the withdrawal of Soviet missiles from Cuba and US missiles from Turkey, President John F. Kennedy decided to undertake a process of normalization of relations with Cuba.
  2. During his trip to the Soviet Union in 1962, Fidel Castro spoke at length with Nikita Khrushchev about Kennedy. According to the former president’s nephew, “Castro returned to Cuba determined to find a path to reconciliation” with the United States.
  3. In 1962, Kennedy commissioned James Donovan, a New York lawyer, and John Dolan, an advisor to Attorney General Robert Kennedy, to negotiate the release of the 1500 Bay of Pigs invaders held in Cuba. During his meeting with the Washington emissaries, Fidel Castro made clear his desire to normalize relations with the United States and maintain links based on sovereign equality, reciprocity and non-interference in internal affairs. “My father Robert and JFK were intensely curious about Castro and demanded detailed, highly personal, descriptions of the Cuban leader from both Donovan and Nolan. The US press had repeatedly caricatured Fidel as drunken, filthy, mercurial, violent and undisciplined. However, Nolan told them: “Our impression would not square with the commonly accepted image. Castro was never irritable, never drunk, never dirty.” He and Donovan described the Cuban leader as worldly, witty, curious, well informed, impeccably groomed, and an engaging conversationalist.”
  4. The two visitors were also impressed by the popular support the revolutionary government enjoyed: “They confirmed the CIA’s internal reports of Castro’s overwhelming popularity with the Cuban people following their many trips with Castro [throughout the country] and after witnessing the spontaneous ovations he received as he entered baseball stadiums.”
  5. John F. Kennedy was aware of the Cuban people’s desire for independence and dignity and “understood the source of the widespread resentment against the United States.”
  6. During his meeting with US journalist Lisa Howard, Fidel Castro expressed his “desire” to come to a friendly understanding with the United States.
  7. For his part, “JFK began thinking seriously about the resumption of relations with Castro. Any initiative in this direction, however, would find him navigating in troubled waters. The mere mention of détente with Fidel would have the effect of a political bombshell during the run-up to the presidential elections of 1964.”
  8. In September 1963, Kennedy charged William Attwood, former journalist and US diplomat to the United Nations with opening “secret negotiations with Castro.”
  9. The same month, President Kennedy established “another secret communications channel with Castro through French journalist Jean Daniel.” Before traveling to Cuba to interview the Cuban Prime Minister, Daniel met with JFK in the White House, where he was charged with delivering a message to Castro.
  10. “I think Kennedy is sincere. I also think that this expression of sincerity could have political  significance today,” Fidel Castro is said to have replied to Jean Daniel. “He still has the possibility of becoming, in the eyes of history, the United States’ greatest President, the leader who finally understood that coexistence between capitalists and socialists is possible, even on the American continent. This would make him an even greater president than Lincoln.”
  11. Fidel Castro, in response to the criticisms of Kennedy who had denounced the alliance with Moscow, pointed out that the US hostility toward the island nation had begun well before Cuba’s rapprochement with the Soviet Union and “well before the appearance of the pretext and alibi of communism.”
  12. Nevertheless, the CIA was resolutely opposed to any policy changes vis-à-vis Havana. “For the CIA, détente was nothing less than perfidious sedition.” Adlai Stevenson, then US ambassador to the United Nations, warned President Kennedy: “Unfortunately, the CIA is still in charge of Cuba.” In his opinion, the agency “would never allow a normalization of relations.”
  13. “The CIA was aware of JFK’s secret contacts with Castro and sought to sabotage these efforts at achieving peace.”
  14. Thus, in April 1963, “CIA agents secretly sprayed a deadly poison on a wetsuit that was supposed to be offered to Castro by James Donovan and John Dolan, JFK’s emissaries. In so doing they hoped to assassinate Castro and accuse JFK of the murder, thereby completely discrediting him and his peace efforts.”
  15. According to William Atwood, “the attitude of the CIA was to hell with the President it was pledged to serve.”
  16. “Many leaders of the Cuban exile community had expressed their disgust at the ‘betrayal’ of the White House, accusing JFK of engaging in ‘coexistence’ with Fidel Castro […]. A small number of  hard, bitter homicidal Castro haters now directed their hatred towards JFK and there is credible evidence that these men and their CIA handlers might have been involved in plots to assassinate him.”
  17. On April 18, 1963, José Miró Cardona, former Prime Minister of the Revolutionary Government, but by then leader of the Cuban Revolutionary Council, an exile organization created by the CIA, accused Kennedy of treason and warned of the consequences: “There is only one route to follow and we will follow it: violence.”
  18. “Santo Trafficante, the Mafia boss and Havana casino czar who had worked closely with the CIA in various anti-Castro assassination plots, informed his Cuban associates that JFK was about to be hit.”
  19. The day of  John F. Kennedy’s assassination, November 22, 1963, Fidel Castro was meeting with Jean Daniel, one of JFK’s secret channels to Castro. Upon hearing the news, the Cuban leader turned to the French journalist and said, “Well, it’s the end of your peace mission.”
  20. “After the death of JFK, Castro persistently pushed Lisa Howard, Adlai Stevenson, William Attwood and others to ask Lyndon Johnson, Kennedy’s successor to resume the dialogue. Johnson ignored the requests and Castro eventually gave up.”
  21. Robert Kennedy, then US Attorney General, also pressured Johnson to continue the talks with Havana, however without success.
  22. The brother of assassinated president also criticized the ban on US citizens traveling to Cuba: “The present travel restrictions are inconsistent with traditional American liberties.”
  23. Dean Rusk, then Secretary of State, made the decision to exclude Robert Kennedy, too favorable to an agreement with Cuba, from foreign policy discussions.
  24. According to William Attwood, “if it were not for the murder, we probably would have opened negotiations and normalized relations with Cuba.”
  25. Fidel Castro paid tribute to JFK: “At the moment Kennedy was assassinated, he was changing his policy toward Cuba. To a certain extent, we were honored in having such a rival. He was an outstanding man.”

25 vérités de Robert Kennedy Jr. sur les négociations secrètes entre Fidel Castro et le Président Kennedy, June 1st, 2015

Translated from the French by Larry R. Oberg.

Doctor of Iberian Studies and Latin American University of Paris IV-Sorbonne, Salim Lamrani is a senior lecturer at the University of La Réunion, and a journalist specializing in relations between Cuba and the United States.

His latest book is: Cuba, the Media, and the Challenge of Impartiality, New York, Monthly Review Press, 2015; Foreword by Eduardo Galeano, translated by Larry R. Oberg.

Contact : ;

Facebook Page:

[1] Robert Kennedy Jr., “JFK’s Secret Negotiations with Fidel”, IPS, January 2015. (Site consulted April 21, 2015); Robert Kennedy, Jr, “Sabotaging U.S.-Cuba Détente in the Kennedy Era”, IPS, January 6, 2015.étente-in-the-kennedy-era/  (Site consulted April 21, 2015).

Source: Robert Kennedy Jr.’s 25 Truths on the Secret Negotiations between Fidel Castro and President Kennedy  Global Research

My other source of inspiration … author David Cupples

stir it upDavid Cupples, author of the outstanding novel Stir it Up: The CIA Targets Jamaica, Bob Marley and the Progressive Manley Government, responds to the question.

What inspired you to write this excellent novel?

This is the second part of his response.  Part one can be found here:Bob Marley, Michael Manley and the Reach of the Bully … David Cupples

Part Two:

The other source of inspiration for Stir It Up comes from my interest and background in psychology. The main character, the protagonist Scott, as we meet him, is a troubled lad. A white American kid of 20 in Santa Barbara, California who is terribly resentful, even hateful, toward his father, who has disappeared from Scott’s life. Continue reading

Stir it Up: This book is a fascinating book… it makes riveting reading … Reggae Nation

bob 5Sheron Hamilton-Pearson:  “This is a fascinating book … I would like to have a book club about this book … its like four books in one  … I would call this book ‘faction’ the way it interweaves fact with fiction … it makes riveting reading …”
Author Cupples:  “Bob Marley is a prophet, he is a social critic, a social commentator, a champion of freedom, a champion of human rights …”

Watch the interview at:

Stir It Up: The CIA Targets Jamaica, Bob Marley and the Progressive Manley Government


Bob Marley, Michael Manley and the Reach of the Bully … David Cupples

“…So my first inspiration in writing the book was to add my small voice to the I-dren out there who see the Truth that escapes—and is suppressed by—the mainstream West …”  

” …the peoples of the Third World continue to be suppressed by various means despite the fact that legal slavery has long been outlawed …”

“…In Stir It Up the plot revolves around what I believe was the CIA destabilization program against Manley in the 1970s …”

David Cupples

David Cupples, author of the outstanding book Stir it Up: The CIA Targets Jamaica, Bob Marley and the Progressive Manley Government, responds to the question.

What inspired you to write this excellent novel?

Russell, thanks for your question and your interest in my book. The question covers a lot of ground so I hope I can bring it all together for your readers. It might be helpful if I break it into parts so let’s consider this Part One of my response.

bob 5The first inspiration for the book of course was the great Bob Marley, considered by many (including me) to be the Musical Artist of the 20th Century. (Let’s give credit too to both incarnations of the Wailers (I, with Peter and Bunny; II, with the I-Three, with Family Man, Carly, Tyrone, Wyah, Junior and various other musicians constituting part of the Wailers’ word, sound and power as well).

For me, Bob was not merely the best musically but was the most important in a more noble sense, as the Voice of the Third World (if the expression may be allowed; I eschew the term “developing nations” because I think it is a euphemism that hides the fact that the West doesn’t really want the economically poorer nations to develop). I believe Continue reading

“Stir It Up,” the riveting new book by psychologist David Dusty Cupples – A review

stir it up

Author David Dusty Cupples will be in-studio on-air on KPFK’s Reggae Central with Chuck Foster this Sunday 3/24 2:30 West Coast Time sharp talkin’ Stir It Up, Bob, CIA, JA, ’70s tribal war LA 90.7 FM — Santa Barbara 98.7 FM — San Diego 93.7 FM

Listen anywhere via Live Stream on KPFK-dot-org website (also archived but only a few days)

STIR IT UP: The CIA Targets Jamaica, Bob Marley and the Progressive Manley Government (a novel)

Review by Roger Steffens

Below is a review from  Roger Steffens’ in Riddim Magazine (Germany; unedited English original version). Roger is considered one of the top reggae historian in the Western world.

Continue reading