Argentina:  Roberto Guevara, Che’s brother, passed away

Source:  La Santa Mambisa

September 18 2018

By: Lois Pérez Leira.

He died on Saturday September 15 in Buenos Aires, at 86 years Roberto Guevara, brother of Che. Roberto was the fourth son of the Guevara de la Serna family.

As Ernesto and his other brothers he grew up in a progressive family. This influence will lead him to become involved in the Argentine left, even more so when his brother Ernesto “Che” Guevara becomes one of the Commanders of the Cuban Revolution.

His younger brother Juan Martín remembers his two brothers:  “Roberto and Ernesto were very close until adolescence. They moved with the same bar of friends. Roberto was not as touched or a vagabond as Ernesto. He was sedentary, reasonable. He was always a good student, he became a lawyer, he married a young girl with a good family Matilde Lezica, with whom he had five children; settled in San Isidro; Later, she separated, remarried and had two other children. Like every good lawyer, everything was done according to the rules. “

Just as Ernesto pursues a career in medicine to help sick people, Roberto dreams of defending the most needy, of the injustices that were committed and decides to study law.

Then upon receiving, he tries to put a study. The task was not easy, because it lacked resources. It is there that what was the “Nana” of the children of the Guevara, the “Gallega” Carmen Arias and her husband Alfredo Gabela, lends him the money to rent the office and furnish it. This Galician was the one that had given her the nickname “Tete” to Ernestito when they lived in the yerbatera plantation in Misiones.

The Guevara, despite the myths that they were from a wealthy family, were very far from that reality. They always lived as a middle class family, even impoverished.

Roberto manages to reunite with his brother the “Che”, when he made his trip to Punta del Este. There several of his brothers and relatives accompanied him during some days in Uruguay. This would be the last time both brothers saw each other. With the assassination of Ernesto Guevara in Bolivia in 1967, Roberto moved to this country on October 11, as a representative of the family and as a lawyer, in order to verify the truth of his death. The Bolivian military authorities hide the body and Roberto returns with many doubts about the veracity of his death. For this reason, he travels to Cuba and meets with Fidel Castro, who confirms that his brother was murdered on October 9.

During the 70s, he joined the PRT-ERP with his brother Juan Martín, an Argentine Guevarist organization run by Roberto Santucho.

Juan Martín was arrested on March 5, 1975, becoming hostage of the military after the coup d’état. During his prison, it was Roberto who practiced as his lawyer, at very difficult times, for those who defended political prisoners.

It was not until March 10, 1983 that he was released. While Roberto left for exile, after Videla’s coup d’etat. In these circumstances he was named Secretary General of the PRT, by one of the fractions in which this party was divided.

In October of 1981 Roberto is arrested in Mexico accused of participating in the kidnapping of the niece of the candidate for the presidency by the National Action Party (rightist), Pablo Emilio Madero. A few days later on October 28 he is released.

Upon returning from European exile, Roberto and his other companions founded the Movement in Defense of National Heritage (MODEPA). This small organization was closely linked to the Argentine Communist Party, forming part of the foundation of the People’s Front.

Since the death of Che the family made a pact of silence. Just a few years ago, Juan Martín became the family spokesperson. While Roberto and his sister Celia avoided any public declaration.

A few years ago breaking with this family commitment of silence, Roberto received me in his office in the Courts area, with the agreement previously agreed to speak only of the “Gallega” Carmen Arias. At that time I was making a documentary about the life of Che’s Nana. Another requirement was not to take pictures or film. Only record the audio of the interview.

As always in these cases, Che’s goblin was around in the interview.

In these last years I tried without luck, to be able to interview him again. As it happens in many cases, his death won me by the hand.

On behalf of the Guevarista International we tell you.

Roberto Guevara

Ever onward to victory.!!!!

Cuba takes centre-stage at the 19th World Festival (Photos)

Source:  TeleSUR
October 22 2017

Russia Hosts the World Festival of Youth and Students

IN PICTURES: More than 20,000 young people from 150 countries are attending the event in Sochi.

The festival has as its theme, “For peace, solidarity and social justice, we struggle against imperialism. Honoring our past, we build the future!”

During the week-long event, discussions are focusing on global political issues, ranging from the fight against xenophobia in the United States to student movements, as well as health and education.

The World Federation of Democratic Youth founded the gathering to combat fascism and imperialism after World War II.

cuba takes centre stage in russia.jpgThis year’s WFYS is dedicated to Cuba’s revolutionary leader Fidel Castro, for his “legacy, and contributions to … such festivals and the defense of their founding principles,” said Radio Havana.Photo:@CubanitoenCuba

cuba takes centre stage in russia 2.jpgCuban delegate Rafael Bogonin said, “At a time when Latin American countries are facing a resurgence of hegemonic capitalism, Cuba stands out as a beacon of hope, an example for revolutionary youth”Photo:@CubanitoenCuba

cuba takes centre stage in russia 3.jpgYouth enjoy the many cultural events. Sochi Jazz and the People’s Artist of Russia will also perform.Photo:@CubanitoenCuba

cuba takes centre stage in russia 4.jpgSingers from Cuba entertain the youth participants as part of the evening events at the WFSY.

cuba takes centre stage in russia 5.jpgPeople from 150 countries are taking part in the event.Photo:Reuters

cuba takes centre stage in russia 6.jpgRussia’s President Vladimir Putin delivers a speech during the festival in Sochi.Photo:Reuters

Huge solidarity with Cuba in World Festival of Youth and Students

Source:  Cuban News Agency
October 16 2017

cuba at 19th world festival.jpgA day filled with signs of infinite love, admiration and respect for Cuba was experienced at the XIX World Festival of Youth and Students underway here, a day in which many ratified their condemnation of the unjust US blockade against Cuba.

In a workshop on solidarity with Cuba and Venezuela, and by panelists from both countries, the auditorium was full, with the presence of Aleida Guevara, the daughter of Ernesto Che Guevara, who expressed her pride in being invited to the international forum and narrated her experiences, as pediatrician, on how the blockade affects Cuban children.

Aleidita, as Che called her affectionately, said that the blockade cannot be quantified in material damages, since these are immense and it harms the Cuban people to a great extent; even those who do not yet have a political thought or criterion, such as children, she said.

Out of the 10 new drugs that hit the markets every year, eight come from US companies and sometimes Cuba must have go through several intermediaries to acquire them; not to mention that sanctions range from millions of dollars in fines to a ban on selling them to the Cuban nation.

Referring to everything Cuba does for humankind, Guevara affirmed that if she feels useful is because she was raised as a woman of the Revolution, to which the public responded with an effusive applause, a sign of that affection and respect towards her father, who is also dedicated to the world.

Rafael Bogoni, Executive Secretary of the Latin American and Caribbean Continental Organization of Students, stressed that Cuba’s resistance to the blockade for more than half a century is an example for the world and, at the same time, a political beacon of struggle.

He reiterated that the small Caribbean nation represents a model to be followed by all and therefore deserves many signs of solidarity; while adding that the fact that the world event is dedicated to Fidel and Che shows what Cuba is for those who struggle for sovereignty.

250 Cubans among  20,000 anti-imperialist youth gathered in Sochi, Russia

Sources:  Granma, WFDY, Russia2017.com

October 13, 2017

19th wfdy program.jpgThe youth of today has the challenge of making the world of tomorrow a better place,said Saber Chowdhury, President of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in his address to the participants of the 19th World Festival of Youth and Students. In his welcome letter Chowdhury stated:

“I am happy to learn that over 20 000 young people from 150 countries of the world are meeting here, in Sochi to tackle the most complicated issues of our time. You are our hope for a better future. You have the talent, the energy and the creativity to build the future. In other words, you are the power that will be able to make tomorrow better than today”.

Cuban delegates

Leaving Cuba for Sochi were 250 delegates who know that  millions of Cubans will be with them, along with Martí, Mella, Villena, José Antonio, Che, Fidel…

The persistent rain of the last few days did not dampened the spirits of those preparing for the trip with activities at the Medical Sciences Preparatory School in Casablanca, including book presentations, discussion, and workshops.

Maidolis Ojeda, from the province of Matanzas, noted that, “it is a source of pride to represent all our country’s youth. We will go to Russia to defend our Revolution and denounce imperialism.”

Alegna Peralta González.jpg

Alegna Peralta González, a twelve grade student from Sancti Spiritus, thinks that for her, being a delegate to the World Festival of Youth and Students is both expectations and responsibilities

Expectations are high among the young Cuban men and women attending the 19th Festival to defend Cuba’s reality and to share their thoughts and experiences with the youth of the world.

They are scheduled to present in 20 different workshops, cultural events, expositions, and panel discussions devoted to Fidel and Che. Planned meetings with delegations from Russia, Vietnam, and Venezuela will be of special interest.

The Cuban people are aware that their 250 representative are taken from the best of the country’s youth from all sectors of the society and will follow closely the news coming from the historic XIX World Festival of Youth and Students in Sochi, Russia.

Related:  Young Cubans Heads to Sochi: Alegna Peralta’s Passions

At the moment the city is expecting over 50 000 visitors, including the participants, volunteers, organizers, technical personnel, guests and speakers of the WFYS 2017. The 19th World Festival of Youth and Students has a chance of becoming the largest event in the festival history both in terms of number of delegations and number of participants. To this day, the largest festival took place in Moscow in 1957 with 34 000 attending.

Due to this, the event program has been expended and stretched outside the Olympic Park. Additional headquarters are put in place as well as a corporate assistance centre to service all clientele groups of WFYS 2017.

The Festival takes place 14–22 October in the Olympic Park of Sochi.

Che Comandante

Source: Granma
October 6 2017

Che Comandante

A poem by Nicolás Guillén

cuban children with image of cheNot because you have fallen

is your light less bright.

A stead of fire

sustains your guerilla presence sculpted

in the wind and clouds of the Sierra.

Not because you are hushed are you silent.

Not because they burned you,

because they concealed you beneath the earth,

because they hid you in cemeteries, woods, barren plains,

are they going to prevent us from finding you,

Che Comandante,

 

With its teeth of jubilation

North America laughs. A little early,

stir in your deathbed of dollars.
Your laughter will freeze in a mask,

and your great steeled body rises,

disseminated among guerillas like horseflies,

and your immense name wounded by soldiers

illuminates the American night

with a shooting star, fallen

amidst an orgy.

You knew it, Guevara,

but you said nothing, out of modesty,

to not talk about yourself,

Che Comandante,

 

You are everywhere. In the Indian

made of dreams and copper. In the Black

immersed in the maddened crowd,

in the being of oil workers and salt miners,

in the terrible abandon of the banana, in the great plains of leather,

and in the sugar and salt of coffee plantations,

you, immobile statue of your blood they shed,

alive, against their wishes,

Che Comandante,

 

Cuba knows you by heart. Face

with a beard that lightens. And marble

and olive in the skin of a young saint.

A firm voice that directs without ordering,

gentle and hard, of a comrade commander.

We see you every day minister,

every day soldier, every day

easygoing and difficult,

every day.

Pure as a child

or as a pure man

Che Comandante,

 

You pass in your faded, torn,

field uniform full of holes.

In the jungle, as it was before in the Sierra. Half bare

the powerful chest of guns and words,

of fiery gale and gentle rose.

There is no rest.

Health, Guevara!

Or better yet, from the depths of America:

Wait for us. We will depart with you. We want to die

to live like you have died,

to live like you live,

Che Comandante,

Nicolás Guillén

Asking nothing in return

Source:  Granma
October 6 2017

by Yenia Silva Correa | informacion@granma.cu

In only 39 years, the young man from the city of Rosario accomplished something not achieved by many who lived a century. He became part of the people’s history and remains so today.

che 21.jpg

Che’s Bolivian Diary contains entries from only the first week of October – the final days of the enduring life of the heroic guerilla. In his summary of the month of September, he wrote, “The army is now showing its effectiveness in action and the bulk of campesinos won’t help us at all, and are becoming informers.”

The proximity of army forces in the area in which Che’s guerillas were moving was a constant theme in his notes, be it a result of chance sightings or news heard on the radio, which as is often the case in such situations, could well contain misinformation purposefully disseminated to put pressure on the revolutionaries.  (Photo: Korda, Alberto)

Broadcast on the radio in fact (October 4), was a commentary that foreshadowed the events, projecting possible scenarios of a trial of the guerilla leader after his capture. The speaker did consider the fact that Che would not give himself up without a struggle, except in extraordinary circumstances like those that eventually occurred.

On October 5 and 6 soldiers were again sighted and the radio reported a disproportionate number of troops searching for the small number of guerillas. It was the prelude to the last note Che would write in his notebook.

October 7, final entry: A chance encounter with a woman crossing their path through the mud and a radio report. Beyond this, the mention of four comrades, but no indication of desperation. This was the human being murdered in Bolivia 50 years ago, who had accumulated much experience in guerilla struggle, both in Cuba and on African soil.

The same man who in December of 1964 had summarized his internationalism in a few phrases before the United Nations General Assembly, saying “… at the moment it may be necessary, I am willing to give my life for the liberation of any Latin American country, without asking anything of anyone.”

che during target practice.jpg

Che Guevara during target practice Photo: Archive

For Che, the idea of death, as part of the revolutionary struggle, was nothing foreign, nor a motive for fear. He was very clear: “In a revolution, one triumphs, or one dies (if it is a real one).” He was true to this principle until the last moment of his life.

Since his untimely death, the tributes to the paradigm of a new man, in every corner of the globe, have not ceased.

In Cuba, 1968 was declared the Year of the Heroic Guerilla. For decades, youth departed for Africa and Latin America to complete internationalist missions, inspired by his example. Hundreds of thousands immortalize his likeness on clothes and in tattoos; others venerate him like a saint; more than a few are committed to disseminating his thought and work.

Part of the people’s history

guerrillas in bolivia.jpg

Guerrillas in Bolivia. Photo: Cubadebate

In only 39 years, the young man from the city of Rosario accomplished something not achieved by many who lived a century. He became part of the people’s history and remains so today, from the time of his travels across the continent of his birth, and his participation in the Cuban Revolution (first as a Rebel Army Comandante and then playing a leadership role in the country) to his departure to other lands calling for his contribution. Asking for nothing, and giving his all, he left much more than his celebrated “Hasta la victoria siempre” (Forever onward to victory). His exemplary life and action are here. They never die.