Fidel Castro: The Importance of the BRICS Summit

By Fidel Castro Ruz
fidel its timeto learn

I have begged the editors of Granma to excuse me this time from the honor of publishing what I am going to write in the first page of the official institutions of our Party since I intend to express personal points of view on subjects that I have been unable to do in the collective organizations of the Party and State, such as the Congresses of the Party or meetings of the National Assembly of Popular Power, for reasons of health and time.

In these times problems are more complex and news travel at the speed of light, as everyone knows. Nothing occurs in our world that doesn’t reach those of us and who are still capable to understand new realities.

A strange mixture of blind instincts and conscience

The human being is a strange mixture of blind instincts on the one side and conscience in the other.  We are political animals as Aristotle affirmed rightfully.  Perhaps more than any other philosopher of antiquity, Aristotle influenced thoughts on humanity through his over 200 treatises of which only 31 have been conserved.

His master was Plato who left to posterity his famous utopia on the ideal State. He tried to apply it in Syracuse and that almost cost him his life. His Political Theory remained to qualify ideas as good or bad. The reactionaries used them to describe both Marx and Lenin as theoreticians without taking into consideration the utopias that inspired both Russia and China, the two countries that will lead the new world that will allow human survival if imperialism does not unleash a criminal and exterminating war.

The Soviet Union, the Socialist Bloc, the Peoples Republic of China and North Korea helped us to resist with basic supplies and weapons the implacable economic blockade of the United States, the most powerful empire that ever existed. In spite of its immense power it could not crush a small country a few miles from its coasts that has resisted for more than half a century threats, pirate attacks, kidnapping of fishing boats and sinking of merchant ships, destruction mid-flight of the Cubana de Aviacion plane off Barbados, setting fire to schools and other criminal acts.

When they attempted to invade our country with mercenary forces as vanguard, transported by war ships of the United States, as a first step, they were defeated in less than 72 hours. Later, counterrevolutionary bands, organized and equipped by them committed acts of vandalism that cost the lives or physical integrity of thousands of compatriots.

Attempting to destroy the dreams of Bolivar, Marti and hundreds of patriots

The State of Florida houses the largest base of activities against another country that existed at the time. In due course the economic blockade extended to countries of NATO and other allies in Latin American that were, during the early years, accomplices of the criminal policy of the empire that attempted to destroy the dreams of Bolívar, Martí and hundreds of great patriots of unblemished revolutionary conduct in Latin America.

Our small country not only was denied the right to be an independent country like so many others in Latin America and the Caribbean, exploited and sacked by them but the right of independence of our Homeland that would be totally stripped when the manifest would complement its task of annexing our territory to the United States of North America.

An important Declaration by BRICS

The recently concluded meeting in Fortaleza approved an important Declaration by countries that make up the BRICS group.

The BRICS propose more macroeconomic coordination between the main economies, specifically in G-20 as a fundamental factor for strengthening the perspectives of an effective and sustainable recovery in the entire world.

They announced the signing of a constitutive agreement of the New Bank of Development to move resources for projects of infrastructure and sustained development of the BRICS country and other emergent economies and in development.

The Bank will have an initial authorized capital of 100 billion dollars. The initial capital agreed upon would be 50 billion dollars in equal parts of the founding members. The first president of the Governor’s Junta will be Russia. The first president of the Council of Administration will be Brazil. The first President of the Bank will be India. The headquarters of the Bank will be in Shanghai.

A Treaty to establish a Common Fund of Reserves of Currency for contingent situations

They also announced the signing of a Treaty to establish a Common Fund of Reserves of Currency for contingent situations with an initial among of 100 billion dollars.

It affirms support of a multi lateral system of open, transparent, inclusive and non discriminatory trade; as well as the successful conclusion of the Doha Round in the World Trade Center (WTO).

It recognizes the important role of state companies moving the economy as well as the small and medium size companies that create jobs and wealth.

It reaffirms the need for an integral reform of the United Nations including its Security Council to make it more representative, effective and efficient to adequately answer world conflicts.

It reiterated its condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever they occur; and expressed concern of the continued threat of terrorism and extremism in Syria while calling on all Syrians to end the acts of terrorism perpetrated by Al-Qaeda, its members and other terrorist organizations.

Strong condemnation of the use of chemical weapons

They strongly condemned the use of chemical weapons under any circumstance; and welcomed the decision of the Syrian Arab Republic to adhere to the Convention on Chemical Weapons.

It reaffirmed the commitment to contribute to a just and lasting end to the Arab-Israeli conflict on the basis of a legal international framework including pertinent resolutions of the United Nations, the Principles of Madrid and the Initiative of an Arab Peace and expressed support for a call, as soon as possible, of a Conference on the establishment of a zone of the Middle East free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.

It reaffirmed the will that exploration and use of outer space should be for pacific means.

It reiterated that there is no alternative to a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear question and reaffirmed its support to a solution through political and diplomatic means.

It expressed concern over the situation in Iraq and supported the Iraqi government in its efforts to surpass the crisis, defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

The reduction of conflict

It expressed its concern regarding the situation in the Ukraine and called for a broad dialogue, the reduction of the conflict and moderation of all the actors involved to find a political solution of peace.

It reiterated it firm condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. It pointed out that the United Nation has a central role in the coordination of international action against terrorism that should be taken into account international right, including the United Nations Charter and respect for human rights and fundamental liberties.

They recognized that the climate change is one of the largest challenges facing humanity and called for all countries to abide by the decisions adopted in the Convention Framework of the United Nations on the Climate Change (CMNUCC) to reach a successful conclusion by 2015, the negotiations for developing a protocol, another legal instrument or a result agreed upon with legal force under the Convention and applicable in all its parts, in conformity with the principles of the CMNUCC, particularly the principles of common responsibilities but differentiated and its respective capacities.

The strategic importance of education

It expressed the strategic importance of education for an inclusive sustainable development and economic growth; as well as emphasizing the bond between culture and sustainable development.

The next Summit of the BRICS will be in Russia in July of 2015.

It may seem just another agreement among the many that constantly appear in the news of the main western press agencies. However, the importance is clear and categorical. Latin America is a geographic location in the world on which the United States has imposed the most unequal system in the planet for consumption of its internal wealth, supply of cheap raw materials, purchaser of its merchandize and receiver of its gold and funds that escape for their respective countries and are invested by U.S. companies in a country or any other part in the world.

No one ever found an answer capable of satisfying the demands of the real market that we know of today. Also what doubt could there be that Humanity is marching towards a more just period than what has existed in our time as human society?

One of the greatest feats of human history

The abuses committed throughout history are repulsive. Today what is valued is what will happen to our globalized planet in the near future. How can human beings escape from ignorance, the lack of the basic resources for food, health, education, housing, decent job, security and fair salary. What is more important, if this is possible or not, in this minuscule corner of the Universe?  If we think that this is worthwhile, to guarantee it in reality will mean the supremacy of the human being.

For my part I have not the slightest doubt that when Chinese President Xi Jinping culminates his series of activities in this hemisphere, the same as did the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, both countries will be culminating one of the greatest feats of human history.

The BRICS Declaration approved July 15, 2014, in Fortaleza calls for more participation of other countries, especially those fighting for their development through the promotion of cooperation and solidarity of the peoples. There is a significant paragraph by which the BRICS recognize the particular importance of the Union of South American nations (UNASUR) to achieve peace and democracy in the region and achieve sustainable development and eradication of poverty.

Half of the world’s population

I have extended quite a bit although the breach and importance of the subject demands an analysis of important issues that require some comment.

I had thought that in the following days there would be more analysis on the importance of the BRICS Summit. If we add the inhabitants of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa we will understand that they form half of the world population. In a few decades the Gross Domestic Product of China will surpass that of the United States; already many countries now want Yuan and not dollars, not only Brazil but several of the more important in Latin America with products such as soy beans and corn that compete with those of the United States. The contribution that Russia and China can provide in science, technology and the economic development of South America and the Caribbean can be decisive.

Large events in history are not made in a day. Enormous tests and growing challenges of complexity are seen in the future. Between China and Venezuela, 38 agreements of cooperation have been signed. It is time to learn more of these realities.

Source:  It is time to learn a little more about the reality  Cuba – Network in Defense of Humanity  (Edited by JSC)


Protest and Destabilization in Venezuela: Following Scripts that Suggest a Degree of Premeditated Coordination


Schemes designed to demonstrate that governments considered hostile to U.S. interests are ruthless and undemocratic span many decades and continents. There is one highly effective type of manipulation that is frequently employed: Peaceful protests are combined with violent ones as the media and opposition conflate the tactics used by security forces against the former and the justified use of force against the latter. The key actors in this display of deception know exactly what their role is and how to act in order to ensure success. Often, support for regime change opens opportunities for blatantly anti-democratic political movements, some of which employ terrorist tactics.

In Chile under Salvador Allende

salvador allende 2Consider the following examples. In Chile under Salvador Allende, upper-class women gathered to bang on pots and pans while in their shadows members of the right-wing paramilitary group Patria y Libertad used violence to provoke security forces. The message was clear: The Marxist government of Allende did not tolerate free expression of opinion and, in addition, Communists beat up on decent, respectable women.

In Libya, Syria and Ukraine

More recently, uprisings in Libya, Syria, and Ukraine were all preceded by a first phase of mass protests, which in some cases put forward legitimate grievances. The media, Washington spokespeople, and human rights NGOs uniformly condemned the government’s violation of basic democratic rights and soon expressed sympathy for those who engaged in violence and called for regime change.

In the case of Ukraine, the second phase of mass protest consisted of armed revolt that included a large contingent of neo-fascists. In Syria, the second phase involved a diversity of terrorist groups including Ahrar al-Sham tied to Al Qaeda, but the U.S. narrative singled out the government as the true “bad guy.” Indeed, Washington has put forward the implausible argument that material support for the “good” rebels committed to democracy will allow them to gain the upper hand against the “bad” ones, that is, terrorists.

Sanctions against Venezuela – fitting a decades-old pattern that ignore the evidence

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Fidel and Raul Castro Send Messages to Nicaragua

Source:  Presna Latina

Managua, July 20

fidel-ortega-raulThe leader of the Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro, and Cuban President, Raul Castro, yesterday sent greeting messages to Nicaragua on the occasion of the 35th anniversary of the Sandinista victory in that country.

In his message, Fidel Castro saluted the Sandinista victory on July 19, 1979 and considered Nicaragua as an irreversible stronghold of the anti-imperialist fight.

Likewise, he highlighted Daniel Ortega as a key figure in the struggle of the peoples of the continent.

In his message, Raul Castro sent fraternal greetings on the occasion of this anniversary, which was extended to the Nicaraguan people.

After both messages were read at Plaza La Fe in the capital, which was crammed with hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguans, Cuban Vice President Ramiro Valdes reminded that the victory was the beginning of a long road of transformations in this nation.

The celebration, led by Daniel Ortega, was also attended by Presidents Nicolas Maduro (Venezuela), Salvador Sanchez Ceren (El Salvador), Juan Orlando Hernandez (Honduras), and the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Rigoberta Menchu, and the President of Ecuadorian Parliament, Gabriela Rivadeneira, among other figures.

Golding: The US Lacks the Moral Authority to Cite Human-Rights Abuses against Jamaica

Source:  The Gleaner
Kingston, Jamaica

bruce golding 1Former Jamaican Prime Minister Bruce Golding has declared that the USA lacks the moral authority to cite human-rights abuses as reasons to withdraw support to the Jamaican security forces.

Golding said there was no evidence that outgoing Police Commissioner Owen Ellington was involved in such abuses or failed to take action against those who carried out extrajudicial activities.

Speaking yesterday on Power 106 FM radio talk show, ‘Cliff Hughes On-line’, the former prime minister said the US has a long history of carrying out heinous actions against other countries which are tantamount to human rights abuses.

The US has no basis

Referring to the US as a country that has reserved on to itself “the right to dispatch drones to go and extrajudicially kill persons who it alleges to be terrorists and in the process kill civilians including children”, Golding said the US has no basis to lambaste other countries for alleged human-rights violations.

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Cuba: Promoting Equality as a Right and Not an Opportunity

July 11 2014
Jorge MattarcCuba is an example and guide to promote equality in Latin America as a right and not as an opportunity, said Jorge Mattar, director of the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (CELAC).

In an exclusive interview with the Cuban News Agency (ACN), Mattar, director of the Latin American and Caribbean Institute of Economic and Social Planning of CELAC noted that despite the economic, financial and commercial blockade imposed by the United States, Cuba has a revolutionary process allowing equivalence and sovereignty of its people.

He explained that Cuban economic model has conceived a society with high level of education and low inequality, and for CELAC those are two key features of development.

Cuba has gone a long way in building a wide and influential educational system

In this regard he considered that Cuba has gone a long way in building a wide and influential educational system, and that’s part of the essential ingredient in the progress of nations, he said.

Máttar noted that next year CELAC will hold a regional workshop-course in Cuba, in order to promote equality and combat the differences between Latin American and Caribbean nations.

The manager stated that the island was chosen for being a country where everyone has equal access and rights to the benefits of the Revolution.

He added that CELAC´s main objective is to considerably mitigate extreme poverty, achieve full and productive employment, make healthcare  accessible  to everyone and reduce hunger in the region.

The training workshop intends to ensure that the realities of the different countries are represented in CELAC so that the organization can be familiar with the different territorial dynamics of member countries, said Máttar.

Today Latin America is facing an international scenario of slow economic-trade growth and in a globalized world this strongly impacts on the development of countries, he said.


“Caribbean Against Apartheid in Palestine” formed in Barbados

Source:  Bajan Reporter

Another child victim -  killed in the current deliberate bombing of homes in Gaza by the Israeli military. For more information, or to get involved, you can email:

Another child victim – killed in the current deliberate
bombing of homes in Gaza by the Israeli military. 

According to the Palestinian Authority, since the year 2000, some 1500 children have been killed by Israeli forces in occupied Palestine, to say nothing of the others killed in previous years. This one-sided killing spree, is claiming more child victims daily as Israel remorselessly currently targets built up population centres in Gaza and the West Bank, with its overpowering military might.

In response to these and other atrocities and the racist policies of the Israeli state, on Sunday 6th July 2014 the group “Caribbean Against Apartheid in Palestine” [CAAP], was formed in Barbados, in solidarity with the Palestinian people who have been the victims of this racist colonialism and apartheid for over seven decades, with hundreds of thousands displaced from their homeland, and countless thousands killed.

Read more at: Bajan Reporter

An Alternative to the IMF and World Bank to be Launched 15 July 2014

brics summit durban

The BRICS Development Bank is expected to be officially launched on 15 July 2014, at the next BRICS Summit in Brazil. The BRICS Development Bank is a proposed development bank run by the five BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as a potential alternative to the US controlled institutions of the Bretton Woods system–World Bank and International Monetary Fund.

brics6 summit in brazilcThe establishment of this development bank was first agreed by the leaders of the BRICS countries at the 5th BRICS summit held in Durban, South Africa, in July 2009. The leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa are expected to sign a treaty to launch the bank in the forthcoming BRICS summit in the northern Brazilian city of Fortaleza. The bank will, then, have to be ratified by the countries’ legislatures and could begin lending as early as two years after this.

No domination by rich countries; less conditions; more transparency

imf + world bank = hundreds rich billions poor It is reported that the BRICS, by launching this new development bank, will be seeking to avoid some of the faults of the IMF, World Bank and regional development banks, i.e. too much rich country domination and too many conditions imposed upon the borrower country. It has also been mentioned that the BRICS Bank ought to be more transparent without being choked by heavy bureaucracy like the World Bank.

The stated aim of the BRICS Development Bank is to help to ensure economic stability for the Emerging Economies should the US dollar continue to fluctuate. The new bank will symbolize the growing influence of Emerging Powers, in particular the BRICS economies, in the global system long dominated by the US and its European allies through the institutional agencies of the Bretton Woods, IMF and World Bank. This new bank presents a new and clear step away from economic and financial dependence on the US-centered bloc by the BRICS economies.

No intervention in the economic and financial affairs of borrower-states

 It has been stated that the new bank aims to look into the finances of borrowers, but will have no intention to intervene in their economic and financial affairs. The basic idea is to provide emerging economies loans at a lower cost than what they currently would get in markets. The bank, whose headquarters is expected to be in Shanghai, will focus on infrastructure projects in Emerging Economies– borrowers will use the money for approved projects and cushion themselves from ups-and-downs in global markets.

A strong reminder of the need to reform global institutions

 The new bank will initially be quite small comparing to the size of the World Bank or the IMF, but it will be a strong reminder to the world of the need to reform global institutions to reflect the recent major shift in the global system towards the Emerging Powers.


Cuban Container Terminal Shows Positive Results After 6 Months

Source: HAVANA, Cuba,
July 10 2014
cuban container terminal 3The Container terminal at the Mariel Special Development Zone, some 50 kilometers from Havana, has already loaded and offloaded 57 ships since the facility was inaugurated six months ago.
Deputy Director at the terminal, Alvaro Molina, told reporters that the boats that arrived at the facility had an average 280 to 300 containers each on board, which would translate into the loading and offloading of some 15 thousand containers, according to a recent report by Cuban television.
 Expected to become one of the main economic areas of the country
The first stage of the modern terminal was inaugurated last January as the heart of the Special Development Zone, which is expected to become one of the main economic areas of the country.
The terminal’s pier is 702 meters long and it has four super-post-panamax cranes, and its container deposit was built to move some 822 thousand containers annually, according to the report.
 At present, the Cuban government is considering 23 investment projects from Europe, Asia and Latin America in different economic areas, to be approved and established in the Special Zone. These projects are focusing on the modification of the country’s current energy pattern and sectors such as biotechnology, construction materials, logistics and pharmaceuticals.

Cuban trade mission starts working sessions in Jamaica

 Kingston, July 8, 2014.

Cuban Cham of Comm meets Anthony Hylton 2The trade mission from the Chamber of Commerce of Cuba made their first presentations at the Conference Room of the Hotel Four Seasons in Kingston. The plenary session was chaired by the Hon. Anthony Hylton, Minister of Industry, Investment and Commerce of Jamaica; Ms. Diane Edwards, President, JAMPRO; Mr. Robert Scott, Vice President, Export and Market Development, JAMPRO; Mr. Ricardo Tur Novo, Minister Counsellor and Charge d’ Affaires, Embassy of Cuba in Jamaica; Ms. Mirtha Rippes Aller, officer, Chamber of Commerce of Cuba; and Mr. Jesús González Pérez, officer, Ministry of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment of Cuba.

Close bonds of friendship

In his address, the Hon. Anthony Hylton, Minister of Industry, referred to the close bonds of friendship between the peoples of Jamaica and Cuba. He said that Cuba is a market that offers many opportunities and we have to work toward further strengthening the economic ties that unite us in the future. He stressed the importance of Cuba’s cooperation in health care and education.

The Minister said that Jamaica, as well as the other CARICOM member States, continues to support the resolution calling for an end of the US blockade against Cuba and recalled that Jamaica worked within the regional body to deal with the ban of U.S. warehouse club PriceSmart on Cuban diplomats that prevented them from accessing its services in Jamaica.

Ms. Diane Edwards thanked the Chamber of Commerce of Cuba and the Embassy of Cuba in Jamaica for their assistance in organizing the event.

The Minister Counsellor and Charge d’ Affaires of the Embassy of Cuba in Jamaica noted that the visit of the Cuban trade mission takes place in a context where his country is working to diversify the economy, and that this forum will contribute to continue to identify business opportunities and increase existing trade between the two countries.

cuban medical staffcThe officers from the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment and the Chamber of Commerce presented the results achieved by Cuba and Jamaica in the areas of trade, cooperation and others. González Pérez noted that, for example, with regard to medical cooperation, the two-operating room Eye Centre has had a great impact not only in Jamaica but also in the Caribbean region.

Biotechnology and pharmacology

For her part, Rippes Aller provided detailed information on the procedures and requirements to invest in Cuba, as well as details of the Mariel Special Development Zone opened on November 1, 2013. She stated that the fields of greatest interest to her country are biotechnology and pharmacology, renewable energy, tourism, food industry, among others.

Mariel Special Development Zone cubaCaribbean and Latin Travel Agency, Aerogaviota Airline representative in Jamaica, made a presentation to promote the services of the agency, the only one operating direct flights from Kingston to Santiago de Cuba and Havana and from Montego Bay to Holguin and Havana.

Source:  Embassy of Cuba in Jamaica

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CELAC: We Need a Strategy to Eliminate Poverty and Malnutrition in the Region by 2024


24th June 2014

CELAC 2014The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) has advanced toward the agreement of a common plan to tackle social and developmental problems in the region.

Representatives of CELAC member states met with various regional organisations and international development bodies in Caracas, Venezuela for a three-day conference last week to draw up a common plan to eliminate poverty and guarantee social rights in every country in Latin America and the Caribbean.

The CELAC was founded in Caracas in December 2011, and is composed of every country in the Americas with the exception of the United States and Canada.

Ali Rodriguez Araque Sec Gen of UNASURDuring last week’s conference, Venezuelan diplomat and general secretary of the Union of South American Nations (UNASUR), Ali Rodriguez Araque said that the achievement of regional development goals was dependent on the establishment of common policies in the use of primary resources.

“We have great contrasts in the region. On one hand we have high poverty levels, and on the other, we have the potential of huge wealth…only a strategy is missing,” he said.

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