I have begged the editors of Granma to excuse me this time from the honor of publishing what I am going to write in the first page of the official institutions of our Party since I intend to express personal points of view on subjects that I have been unable to do in the collective organizations of the Party and State, such as the Congresses of the Party or meetings of the National Assembly of Popular Power, for reasons of health and time.
In these times problems are more complex and news travel at the speed of light, as everyone knows. Nothing occurs in our world that doesn’t reach those of us and who are still capable to understand new realities.
A strange mixture of blind instincts and conscience
The human being is a strange mixture of blind instincts on the one side and conscience in the other. We are political animals as Aristotle affirmed rightfully. Perhaps more than any other philosopher of antiquity, Aristotle influenced thoughts on humanity through his over 200 treatises of which only 31 have been conserved.
His master was Plato who left to posterity his famous utopia on the ideal State. He tried to apply it in Syracuse and that almost cost him his life. His Political Theory remained to qualify ideas as good or bad. The reactionaries used them to describe both Marx and Lenin as theoreticians without taking into consideration the utopias that inspired both Russia and China, the two countries that will lead the new world that will allow human survival if imperialism does not unleash a criminal and exterminating war.
The Soviet Union, the Socialist Bloc, the Peoples Republic of China and North Korea helped us to resist with basic supplies and weapons the implacable economic blockade of the United States, the most powerful empire that ever existed. In spite of its immense power it could not crush a small country a few miles from its coasts that has resisted for more than half a century threats, pirate attacks, kidnapping of fishing boats and sinking of merchant ships, destruction mid-flight of the Cubana de Aviacion plane off Barbados, setting fire to schools and other criminal acts.
When they attempted to invade our country with mercenary forces as vanguard, transported by war ships of the United States, as a first step, they were defeated in less than 72 hours. Later, counterrevolutionary bands, organized and equipped by them committed acts of vandalism that cost the lives or physical integrity of thousands of compatriots.
Attempting to destroy the dreams of Bolivar, Marti and hundreds of patriots
The State of Florida houses the largest base of activities against another country that existed at the time. In due course the economic blockade extended to countries of NATO and other allies in Latin American that were, during the early years, accomplices of the criminal policy of the empire that attempted to destroy the dreams of Bolívar, Martí and hundreds of great patriots of unblemished revolutionary conduct in Latin America.
Our small country not only was denied the right to be an independent country like so many others in Latin America and the Caribbean, exploited and sacked by them but the right of independence of our Homeland that would be totally stripped when the manifest would complement its task of annexing our territory to the United States of North America.
An important Declaration by BRICS
The recently concluded meeting in Fortaleza approved an important Declaration by countries that make up the BRICS group.
The BRICS propose more macroeconomic coordination between the main economies, specifically in G-20 as a fundamental factor for strengthening the perspectives of an effective and sustainable recovery in the entire world.
They announced the signing of a constitutive agreement of the New Bank of Development to move resources for projects of infrastructure and sustained development of the BRICS country and other emergent economies and in development.
The Bank will have an initial authorized capital of 100 billion dollars. The initial capital agreed upon would be 50 billion dollars in equal parts of the founding members. The first president of the Governor’s Junta will be Russia. The first president of the Council of Administration will be Brazil. The first President of the Bank will be India. The headquarters of the Bank will be in Shanghai.
A Treaty to establish a Common Fund of Reserves of Currency for contingent situations
They also announced the signing of a Treaty to establish a Common Fund of Reserves of Currency for contingent situations with an initial among of 100 billion dollars.
It affirms support of a multi lateral system of open, transparent, inclusive and non discriminatory trade; as well as the successful conclusion of the Doha Round in the World Trade Center (WTO).
It recognizes the important role of state companies moving the economy as well as the small and medium size companies that create jobs and wealth.
It reaffirms the need for an integral reform of the United Nations including its Security Council to make it more representative, effective and efficient to adequately answer world conflicts.
It reiterated its condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever they occur; and expressed concern of the continued threat of terrorism and extremism in Syria while calling on all Syrians to end the acts of terrorism perpetrated by Al-Qaeda, its members and other terrorist organizations.
Strong condemnation of the use of chemical weapons
They strongly condemned the use of chemical weapons under any circumstance; and welcomed the decision of the Syrian Arab Republic to adhere to the Convention on Chemical Weapons.
It reaffirmed the commitment to contribute to a just and lasting end to the Arab-Israeli conflict on the basis of a legal international framework including pertinent resolutions of the United Nations, the Principles of Madrid and the Initiative of an Arab Peace and expressed support for a call, as soon as possible, of a Conference on the establishment of a zone of the Middle East free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.
It reaffirmed the will that exploration and use of outer space should be for pacific means.
It reiterated that there is no alternative to a negotiated solution to the Iranian nuclear question and reaffirmed its support to a solution through political and diplomatic means.
It expressed concern over the situation in Iraq and supported the Iraqi government in its efforts to surpass the crisis, defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity.
The reduction of conflict
It expressed its concern regarding the situation in the Ukraine and called for a broad dialogue, the reduction of the conflict and moderation of all the actors involved to find a political solution of peace.
It reiterated it firm condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations. It pointed out that the United Nation has a central role in the coordination of international action against terrorism that should be taken into account international right, including the United Nations Charter and respect for human rights and fundamental liberties.
They recognized that the climate change is one of the largest challenges facing humanity and called for all countries to abide by the decisions adopted in the Convention Framework of the United Nations on the Climate Change (CMNUCC) to reach a successful conclusion by 2015, the negotiations for developing a protocol, another legal instrument or a result agreed upon with legal force under the Convention and applicable in all its parts, in conformity with the principles of the CMNUCC, particularly the principles of common responsibilities but differentiated and its respective capacities.
The strategic importance of education
It expressed the strategic importance of education for an inclusive sustainable development and economic growth; as well as emphasizing the bond between culture and sustainable development.
The next Summit of the BRICS will be in Russia in July of 2015.
It may seem just another agreement among the many that constantly appear in the news of the main western press agencies. However, the importance is clear and categorical. Latin America is a geographic location in the world on which the United States has imposed the most unequal system in the planet for consumption of its internal wealth, supply of cheap raw materials, purchaser of its merchandize and receiver of its gold and funds that escape for their respective countries and are invested by U.S. companies in a country or any other part in the world.
No one ever found an answer capable of satisfying the demands of the real market that we know of today. Also what doubt could there be that Humanity is marching towards a more just period than what has existed in our time as human society?
One of the greatest feats of human history
The abuses committed throughout history are repulsive. Today what is valued is what will happen to our globalized planet in the near future. How can human beings escape from ignorance, the lack of the basic resources for food, health, education, housing, decent job, security and fair salary. What is more important, if this is possible or not, in this minuscule corner of the Universe? If we think that this is worthwhile, to guarantee it in reality will mean the supremacy of the human being.
For my part I have not the slightest doubt that when Chinese President Xi Jinping culminates his series of activities in this hemisphere, the same as did the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, both countries will be culminating one of the greatest feats of human history.
The BRICS Declaration approved July 15, 2014, in Fortaleza calls for more participation of other countries, especially those fighting for their development through the promotion of cooperation and solidarity of the peoples. There is a significant paragraph by which the BRICS recognize the particular importance of the Union of South American nations (UNASUR) to achieve peace and democracy in the region and achieve sustainable development and eradication of poverty.
Half of the world’s population
I have extended quite a bit although the breach and importance of the subject demands an analysis of important issues that require some comment.
I had thought that in the following days there would be more analysis on the importance of the BRICS Summit. If we add the inhabitants of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa we will understand that they form half of the world population. In a few decades the Gross Domestic Product of China will surpass that of the United States; already many countries now want Yuan and not dollars, not only Brazil but several of the more important in Latin America with products such as soy beans and corn that compete with those of the United States. The contribution that Russia and China can provide in science, technology and the economic development of South America and the Caribbean can be decisive.
Large events in history are not made in a day. Enormous tests and growing challenges of complexity are seen in the future. Between China and Venezuela, 38 agreements of cooperation have been signed. It is time to learn more of these realities.
Source: It is time to learn a little more about the reality Cuba – Network in Defense of Humanity (Edited by JSC)